通过文本挖掘的方法对“中国新闻网”中有关留守儿童的文章进行了文本数据分析。 分析结 果表明在新闻媒体的报道框架中,我国已经初步形成了面向留守儿童的政策架构并开展了丰富的公益活 动。 留守儿童的需求与提供的服务之间存在一定差距;新闻媒体中的留守儿童也偏向“问题儿童”的形 象;新闻媒体中留守儿童问题的责任主体发生了农村偏位和家庭偏位;而干预主体则存在学校缺位和专 业的社会服务机构缺位的情况。
In this paper, the news about left-behind children from the news website———www. chinanews. com, were analyzed by text mining techniques. The analysis results indicate that the policy framework oriented to left-behind children has been initially established in China, and the public-spirited activities helping left-behind children are rich and colorful. However, there is a certain gap between the services they provide and the needs of left-behind children. The left-behind children in the news have a media image of “problem children”; the news media excessively emphasized on the rural areas and families as the responsibility subjects of left-behind children; at last, the news media ignored the schools and professional social service organizations as the intervention subjects of left-behind children.