中国精神健康社会工作实务体系的研究现状与发展
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Research Status and Development of Social Work Practice System of Mental Health in China
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    摘要:

    对中国精神健康社会工作实务体系从形成、发展到再建构的研究已走过百年历程。民国时期起,我国精神健康社会工作初步进入学术研究的范畴,目前由于“ 健康中国” 国家战略再次成为研究热点,在实务理论、服务路径及策略方面均取得了创新性进展。借助文献研究的方法梳理当下中国精神健康社会工作实务体系的研究现状,从精神障碍患者的现实处境与需求评估、精神健康社会工作的概念、服务路径三个角度述评,围绕服务理念、服务方法、服务模式、服务内容、服务形式与供给等方面探究精神健康社会工作实务体系的服务现状与研究动向,提出目前中国精神健康社工的研究趋势已发生了多元学科整合、服务理念融合的转变,众多研究经验与规律的总结为推进未来实务理论与实践的创新奠定了坚实基础。

    Abstract:

    The research on mental health social work practice system in China has gone through a hundred years from the formation, development and reconstruction. Since the Republic of China, mental health social work in China has initially entered the category of academic research. At present, the national strategy of “Healthy China” has once again become a research focus, and innovative progress has been made in practical theory, service path and strategy. Based on the method of literature research, this paper sorts out the current research status of China’s mental health social work practice system, reviews this issue from the perspectives of the actual situation and needs assessment of patients with mental disorders, the concept of mental health social work, and the service path of mental health social work, and explores the service status and research trend of mental health social work practice system from the aspects of service concept, service method, service mode, service content, service form and supply. This paper points out that the current research trend of mental health social work in China has undergone a transformation of multi-disciplinary integration and service concept integration, and the summary of research experience and rules has laid a solid foundation for promoting the innovation of future practical theory and practice.

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王璐,李滨.中国精神健康社会工作实务体系的研究现状与发展[J].重庆工商大学社会科学版,2022,39(4):38-50

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  • 在线发布日期: 2022-07-15