关于北平协和医院社会服务部(简称“服务部”)的研究,可以分为民国时期和新中国成立后两个阶段。民国时期的研究者大都具有服务部的工作或实习经历,研究成果带有工作总结和方法探讨的性质,具有很强的工具性和实践性。20 世纪80 年代起,美国学者金敏开始对浦爱德主任服务部时期的历史进行深入研究,日本学者山口守也长期致力于浦爱德文化认同形成过程的研究。新中国成立后,国内一度对服务部持完全否定的态度,改革开放后的研究从零开始缓慢进行,21 世纪后快速发展,不仅专业视角凸显,还呈现出整合性的研究趋势。
The research on the Social Service Department (SSD) of Peking Union Medical College Hospital can be divided into two periods: the period of the Republic of China and the period after the founding of the People’s Republic of China. During the period of the Republic of China, most of the researchers had worked or practiced in the service department, and their research results were of the nature of work summary and method discussion, with strong instrumentality and practicality. Since the 1980s, Marjorie King, an American scholar, began to conduct in-depth research on the history of SSD during the period when Ida Pruitt was the director, and the Japanese scholar Yamaguchi Mamoru has also been committed to the research on the formation process of Pruitt’s cultural identity for a long time. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, there was once a completely negative attitude towards SSD in China. After the reform and opening up, the research started slowly from scratch and developed rapidly after the new century, which not only highlighted the professional perspective, but also showed an integrated research trend.