新发展格局下,供给侧结构性改革旨在通过调整经济结构,实现要素最优配置,以达到经济在 质和量上的双提升。劳动要素,作为供给侧要素之首,在供给侧改革中应被赋予一个正确的定位,即改革 的切入点和中心点,以劳动要素在质量上的投入为切入点和劳动质量的全面提升为中心点,去助力经济 内循环的良性向好,促进生产、流通、分配、消费等各个环节之间的嵌合贯通,原因在于,其一,作为供给侧 的第四大要素,自主创新的来源要依靠复杂劳动的不断提升,因此,需通过提高劳动能力来提高创新能 力,建立适应生产力发展和科学技术进步的新分工体系;其二,劳动要素是链接供给侧与需求侧的重要枢 纽,劳动要素提升既是消费行为也是投资行为,能促进消费升级,增强经济发展动力。阐明供给侧改革与 劳动要素的内在逻辑关系,对推动经济双循环模式下的供给侧结构性改革意义深远。
Under the new development pattern, the supply-side structural reform aims to realize the optimal allocation of factors by adjusting the economic structure, so as to achieve both qualitative and quantitative improvement of the economy. The labor, the first of the supply-side factors, should be given a correct position in the supply-side reform, that is, the entry point and the center point of the reform. Taking the input of labor factors in quality as the entry point and the overall improvement of labor quality as the center point will help the benign development of the internal economic cycle, and promote the integration of production, circulation, distribution, consumption and other links. The reason is that labor is the fourth major factor on the supply side, and the motive power of independent innovation depends on the continuous improvement of complex labor. Therefore, it is necessary to improve labor capacity to improve innovation capacity and establish a new division of labor system that is suitable for the development of productive forces and scientific and technological progress. Besides, the labor factor is an important hub linking the supply side and the demand side. The improvement of labor factors is both a consumption behavior and an investment behavior, which can promote the upgrading of consumption and enhance the power of economic development. To clarify the internal logical relationship between the supply-side reform and labor factors is of far-reaching significance for promoting the supply-side structural reform under the dual economic cycle model.