中国正进入新发展阶段,过去中央主导的地方官员“为增长而竞争”的发展模式面临风险与挑 战,需要向新发展模式进行探索与转型。基于中国发展处于新的历史方位的重大背景,将转型目标概括 为“为发展而竞争”模式。这一新模式将由中央科学引领,激励地方政府与官员“为发展而竞争”,重点通 过创新为国家和民族贡献发展绩效乃至制度资产。梳理与提炼这一发展模式的可行性、影响效应、机制 设计以及具体做法,分析新发展模式与经济绩效的内在关系,最后基于区域经济发展格局的视角呈现发 展模式转型的真实样本。理论分析表明:中国由中央主导的地方政府竞争模式的演进与完善,构成了中 国国家治理体系构建及国家治理能力现代化的重要组成部分与宝贵实践探索,有望为世界文明发展贡献 中国的制度智慧。
China is entering a new stage of development. The development model of “competition for growth” led by the central government for local officials in the past is facing risks and challenges, and it is necessary to explore and transform to a new development model. Based on the important background that China’s development is in a new historical position, this article summarizes its transformation goals as a “competition for development” model. This new model will be led by the central science, inspiring local governments and officials to “compete for development” and focusing on contributing development performance and even institutional assets to the country and nation through innovation. This article sorts out and refines the feasibility, impact effects, mechanism design, and specific methods of this development model, and analyzes the inherent relationship between the new development model and economic performance. Finally, based on the perspective of regional economic development patterns, the real sample of the development model transformation is presented. The theoretical analysis of this article shows that the evolution and improvement of the competition model of local government dominated by the central government constitutes an important part and valuable exploration practice of the construction of China’s national governance system and the modernization of national governance capabilities, and is expected to contribute China’s institutional wisdom to the development of world civilization.