长期护理保险制度试点的政策网络特征及推广路径优化——基于典型试点城市的政策文本分析
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Policy Network Characteristics and Promotion Path Optimization of the Long-term Nursing Insurance System Pilot:Based on the Policy Text Analysis of Typical Pilot Cities
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    摘要:

    我国长期护理保险制度试点是一项复杂的系统性工程,试点地区存在相互影响与协同配合的网络关系,其网络特征和演进秩序对优化试点路径直至全面建制有重要的参考意义。在梳理试点城市颁布的政策文本基础上,运用社会网络分析法,量化分析了15个试点城市联结而成的政策网络。研究结果表明:随着时间推移,以政策工具为媒介所形成的整体网络密度逐渐加强;但网络凝聚力呈现由“弱—强—弱”的演化态势;试点城市的政策执行能力两极分化明显,并形成“核心—边缘”的网络权力结构。对此,尊重制度演进秩序与规律,构建政策网络协同治理体系,强化政策工具规范性建设,打造政府与市场多层次合作的建制路径,是我国长期护理保险制度由“点”及“面”推广的必然选择。

    Abstract:

    China’s long-term nursing insurance system pilot is a complex and systematic project.There are network relationships of interaction and coordination among pilot areas,and its network characteristics and evolution order have important reference significance for optimizing the pilot path and its overall construction.On the basis of sorting out the policy texts issued by pilot cities,this study uses social network analysis method to quantitatively analyze the policy network connected by 15 pilot cities,and the research results show that with the time going,the overall network’s density formed by taking policy tool as the media has gradually strengthened,but the network cohesion presents“weak-strong-weak”evolution trend;the policy implementation capabilities of the pilot cities are significantly polarized,and a“core-periphery”network power structure is formed.So,respecting the order and law of system evolution,building a policy network collaborative governance system,strengthening normative policy tool construction,and creating the construction path of multi-level cooperation between government and market are the inevitable choice for the polarization of the long-term nursing insurance system from“point”to“side”.

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贾海彦.长期护理保险制度试点的政策网络特征及推广路径优化——基于典型试点城市的政策文本分析[J].重庆工商大学社会科学版,2022,39(2):164-176

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  • 在线发布日期: 2022-04-15