A citizen is a person with citizenship in a democracy. Citizen consciousness is cognition and value identification of citizenship by citizens. Socialist citizen consciousness education is educational activity to cultivate socialist citizen consciousness so as to make citizens obtain rational knowledge and value identification of socialist citizenship. Because of the ideological nature, socialist citizen consciousness education is part of ideological and political education in our country. At present stage, the highlight of the socialist citizen consciousness education is to construction idea of law, freedom, equality and justice, the main task is to foster citizen’s public reason, and the macroscopical objective is to construct socialist democracy and harmonious society.