宋才发.《民法典》绿色原则在生态环境损害赔偿中的司法适用[J].重庆工商大学社会科学版,2022,39(2):17-26
《民法典》绿色原则在生态环境损害赔偿中的司法适用
The Judicial Application of the Green Principle of the Civil Code in the Compensation for Ecological Environmental Damage
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  民法典 绿色原则 生态环境 司法适用 损害赔偿 权利救济
英文关键词:Civil Code green principle ecological environment judicial application compensation for damages right remedy
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作者单位
宋才发 贵州民族大学法学院 
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中文摘要:
      《民法典》是一部以《宪法》为根本遵循,以绿色原则为基本指引的“固根本、稳预期、利长远”的基础性法律,绿色发展的生产生活方式,已成为中国21世纪的时代主题。确立绿色原则体系是民法典的使命担当,绿色原则是新时代生态文明建设的支撑点,确立了新时代的价值判断准则,为私益与公益奠立了双重保护原则。绿色原则为环境资源保护提供了民法依据,规范了义务约定和强制使用路径,绿色法定义务是对合同制度的创新与调整,侵权责任为生态环境损害拓展了权利救济空间。《民法典》绿色原则保护生态环境的路径是:绿色原则为生态环境诉讼提供制度基础,为侵权责任制度全面实施提供法治保障,为惩治破坏生态环境的行为提供损害赔偿依据,是推行生态环境损害修复与赔偿的司法保障。
英文摘要:
      The Civil Code is a basic law with the functions of“strengthening the fundamentals,stabilizing expectations and benefiting the long term”.It is based on the Constitution and guided by the green principle.The production and lifestyle of green development has become the theme of China’s 21st century.It is the mission of the Civil Code to establish the green principle system.The green principle is the support point of ecological civilization construction in the new era,establishes the value judgment criterion of the new era,and lays down the dual protection principle of private interests and public welfare.The green principle provides the civil law basis for the protection of environmental resources,standardizes the obligation agreement and the compulsory use path.The legal obligation arising from the green principle is the innovation and adjustment of the contract system,and the tort liability expands the right remedy space for the damage to the ecological environment.The path of protecting the ecological environment by the green principle of the Civil Code includes:the green principle providing the system basis for the ecological environment litigation,the legal guarantee for the full implementation of the tort system,the compensation basis for the punishment of damaging ecological environment,and the judicial guarantee for the restoration and compensation of the ecological environment damage.
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