金怀梅.恶之根源:《等待野蛮人》中的路西法效应 *[J].重庆工商大学社会科学版,2020,37(5):128-133
恶之根源:《等待野蛮人》中的路西法效应 *
The Roots of Evils: Lucifer Effects in Waiting for the Barbarians
  
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中文关键词:  库切  《等待野蛮人》  路西法效应  敌意想象  去个人化
英文关键词:J. M. Coetzee  Waiting for the Barbarians  Lucifer effects  hostility in imagination  depersonalization
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作者单位
金怀梅 安徽新华学院 外国语学院,合肥 230088 
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中文摘要:
      库切在《等待野蛮人》中展现了系统力量造就的“敌意想象”和情境力量场中的“去个人化”对施恶者人性和行为的强力影响,改变了人们对人性和罪恶行径的定势认知。虽然库切对人性之黑暗有着清晰的洞察,然而,他并没有对人性丧失信心。通过对主人公这一平凡英雄的刻画与褒扬,库切试图向人们传达:只要坚守人性之本分,人完全可以凭借自身意志力抵抗住外在力量的影响,避免走向恶之端。库切对罪恶和人性的深刻剖析显示其作为一名哲学作家的深度思辨。
英文摘要:
      In Waiting for the Barbarians , J. M. Coetzee shows the strong influence of “ hostility in imagination” created by systematic forces and “ depersonalization” in the field of situational forces on the human nature and behaviors of evil doers, changing people’s stereotyped cognition of human nature and evil behaviors. Although he has a clear insight into the darkness of human nature, Coetzee does not lose confidence in it. By portraying and praising the protagonist as an ordinary hero, Coetzee tries to convey to people that as long as we stick to the duty of human nature, we can resist the influence of external forces with our own willpower and avoid going to the evil end. Coetzee’s profound analysis of evils and humanity shows his deep thinking as a philosophical writer.
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