高志军,邵晴晴,刘伟.第三方物流嵌入供应链的理论解释研究---社会学、经济学和管理学的综合分析视角*[J].重庆工商大学社会科学版,2020,37(3):62-77
第三方物流嵌入供应链的理论解释研究---社会学、经济学和管理学的综合分析视角*
Study on the Theoretical Explanation of Third party Logistics Embedding in Supply Chain:Based on the Comprehensive Perspective of Sociology, Economics and Managemen
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  第三方物流  嵌入  供应链  物流
英文关键词:third party logistics  embedding in  supply chain  logistics
基金项目:
作者单位
高志军,邵晴晴,刘伟 上海海事大学 交通运输学院上海 201306 
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中文摘要:
      第三方物流(Third party Logistics, TPL)与供应链之间的关系从本质上讲是一种嵌入性关系,但是目前对TPL嵌入供应链的理论基础尚缺乏研究。文章围绕TPL与供应链之间的嵌入性关系,从社会学、经济学和管理学的视角对TPL嵌入供应链的动因做出理论解释。研究表明:镶嵌理论为TPL嵌入供应链奠定了信任基础,社会网络理论从弱连接和结构洞的视角分析了TPL嵌入供应链的网络结构与关系演化,专业分工理论指出TPL嵌入供应链是分工的结果,交易费用理论指出TPL嵌入供应链的主要目的是为了节约交易费用,系统经济学理论指出TPL嵌入供应链是分工与合作综合作用的结果,委托代理理论通过构建信任关系和激励机制设计解释了TPL嵌入供应链的稳定性,核心竞争力理论通过分析物流外包和构建物流联盟的方式解释了TPL嵌入供应链的直接原因。
英文摘要:
      The relationship between the third party logistics (TPL)and supply chain is a typical embedding relationship,but the theoretical basis of TPL embedding in supply chain was not studied. This article studied the motive of TPL embedding in supply chain within Sociology, Economyics and Management’s perspective. And the article draws some conclusions, the embeddedness theory provides a trust basis of TPL embedding in supply chain, and the social network theory studies the network structure and relationship evolution of TPL embedding in supply chain based on weak ties and structure hole. Transaction cost theory points out the purpose of TPL embedding in supply chain is saving transaction cost. In addition, system economy theory indicates TPL embedding in supply chain is the results of the combined effects of division and cooperation. Principal agent theory explains the stability of TPL embedding in supply chain based on trust relationship and incentive mechanism. At last, Core competence theory explains the direct reason based on logistics outsourcing and alliance.
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