龙莹,袁嫚.家庭结构缺失对子女教育获得的影响——基于单亲家庭样本的实证分析[J].重庆工商大学社会科学版,2020,37(1):35-44
家庭结构缺失对子女教育获得的影响——基于单亲家庭样本的实证分析
The Impact of Family Structure Deficiency on Children’s Education: Empirical Analysis Based on Single Parent Family Samples
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  家庭结构缺失  教育获得  单亲家庭  子女教育  CHARLS
英文关键词:family structure deficiency  educational attainment  single parent families  education of children  CHARLS
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作者单位
龙莹,袁嫚 安徽大学 经济学院合肥 230601 
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中文摘要:
      子女在成长过程中的受教育问题一直是社会各界关注的核心问题。本文基于2014年中国健康与养老追踪调查(CHARLS)数据,利用普通最小二乘回归以及倾向值匹配法分析家庭结构缺失,特别是单亲家庭的形成对子女教育获得的影响。结果表明,与完整家庭相比,单亲家庭的形成不利于子女的教育获得;抚养人教育水平以及家庭经济水平的提高能在一定程度上缓解但并不能消除这种不利影响;单亲家庭对男性子女教育获得的负效应大于女性子女;与单身父亲家庭相比,单身母亲家庭能够显著促进女性子女的教育获得。此结论对于提高家庭教育特别是单亲家庭子女的教育质量具有重要意义。
英文摘要:
      The issue of children’s education in the process of their growth has always been the core concern of society. Based on the data of China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in 2014, this paper uses the ordinary least square regression and the propensity score matching method to analyze the influence of family structure deficiency, especially the formation of single parent families, on the children’s education. The results show that compared with the intact family, the formation of single parent family is not conducive to children’s education acquisition,that education level of guardians and the improvement of family economic level can, to a certain extent, alleviate this adverse effect but cannot eliminate it,that single parent families have greater negative effects on male children’s education than that of female children,and that compared with single father families, single mother families could significantly promote the acquisition of education of female children. The conclusions of this study have important implications for improving the quality of children’s education of the families, especially single parent families.
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