罗志高,杨继瑞.长江经济带农业绿色发展的现实困境与对策思考[J].重庆工商大学社会科学版,2019,36(5):20-27
长江经济带农业绿色发展的现实困境与对策思考
Current Predicament and Countermeasures for Agricultural Green Development along the Yangtze River Economic Belt
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  长江经济带  绿色发展  农业布局  农业结构  污染防控
英文关键词:Yangtze River Economic Belt  green development  agricultural layout  agricultural structure  pollution prevention and control
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作者单位
罗志高,杨继瑞 重庆工商大学 长江上游经济研究中心重庆 400067 
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中文摘要:
      当前,长江经济带农业布局不尽合理,农产品加工业和国际贸易呈现新态势;农业产业结构不合理,传统种植业呈波动上升,农业要素和水耗持续增加;长江经济带化肥和农药的施用量逐年增长,化肥和农药的施用强度一直处于增长状态,其中,化肥施用强度已经超过了国际公认标准;农业废水排放总量也在不断增加。长江经济带各省市农业需协同发展,调整农业发展布局,充分发挥内陆开放港口作用,加快发展农产品加工业和国际贸易,倒逼农业转型升级;同时,需要提高发展现代生态友好型农业,降低投入产出比,控制化肥、农药等污染。工业绿色发展和农业绿色发展齐头并进,方可实现长江经济带绿色可持续发展。
英文摘要:
      At present,the agricultural layout of the Yangtze River Economic Belt is not reasonable,and the agricultural products processing industry and international trade have shown a new trend.The agricultural industrial structure is unreasonable,the traditional planting industry is rising with fluctuation,and the agricultural production factors and water consumption continue to increase.The use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers has increased year by year along the Yangtze River Economic Belt,the usage intensity of them has already surpassed the internationally recognized standards,and the total quantity of wastewater from agriculture has been growing.Agricultural development of all provinces and municipalities along the Yangtze River Economic Belt should be coordinated,and the layout of agricultural development should be adjusted.The inland ports for export should be given full play to fasten the development of agricultural product processing industry and international trade,and agriculture development transformation and upgrading should be boosted in response.At the same time,we need to promote modern eco-friendly agriculture development,reduce input-output ratio,control fertilizer and pesticide pollution,etc..Industrial green development and agricultural green development should go hand in hand to realize the green and sustainable development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt.
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