杨雄文,黄苑辉.论大数据的商业秘密保护——以新浪微博诉脉脉不正当竞争案为视角[J].重庆工商大学社会科学版,2019,36(4):137-144
论大数据的商业秘密保护——以新浪微博诉脉脉不正当竞争案为视角
Discussion on Protection of the Business Secrets with Big Data: Taking Sina Weibo v.Maimai Case as a Research Perspective
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  大数据  商业秘密  反不正当竞争  信息保护  知识产权
英文关键词:big data  business secrets  countering unfair competition  protection of information  intellectual property
基金项目:
作者单位
杨雄文,黄苑辉 华南理工大学 法学院(知识产权学院)广东 广州 510006 
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中文摘要:
      新浪微博诉脉脉案反映出在大数据时代,企业对数据信息的占有、使用日益重视,对大数据的法律保护亟待加强。通过分析新浪微博诉脉脉案可以得出,在当前我国保护大数据的三条路径中,商业秘密保护具有规则明确、保护力度强的比较优势,但同时也存在秘密性认定不明确、举证责任分配不合理的不足。为适应大数据时代的发展,我国法律应当明确来自公共领域的大数据在特定情形下具有秘密性,同时明确在权利人证明双方信息构成实质性相同且被诉侵权人有接触权利人商业秘密的合理机会时,由被诉侵权人承担不侵权的举证责任。
英文摘要:
      The case of Sina Weibo v.Maimai reflects that in the era of big data,enterprises are increasingly paying attention to the possession and use of data,and the legal protection of big data is increasingly important.By analyzing the Sina Weibo v.Maimai,it can be concluded that in the current three ways of protecting big data in China,commercial secret protection has comparative advantages with clear rules and strong protection.Because most of the information in big data comes from the public domain,however,it is controversial whether it can constitute a trade secret.In addition,in the commercial secret lawsuit,the distribution of the burden of persuasion is unreasonable which hinders the protection of big data.In order to adapt to the development of the era of big data,China’s laws should clarify that big data from the public domain is secretive under certain circumstances,at the same time,should redistribute the burden of persuasion between the plaintiff and the defendant,and appropriately reduce the burden of persuasion of the right holder.
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