曾守锤,李筱,何雪松,陈魏.中国社工的离职倾向及其影响因素研究[J].重庆工商大学社会科学版,2019,36(4):1-10
中国社工的离职倾向及其影响因素研究
Chinese Social Workers’ Turnover Intention and Its Impacting Factors
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  离职倾向  社会工作者  个体—职业/组织—家庭三因素模型  中国社会工作者职业现状调查
英文关键词:turnover intention  social workers  individual profession/organization family model  China General Survey on Professional Social Workers
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作者单位
曾守锤,李筱,何雪松,陈魏 华东理工大学 社会工作系上海 200237 
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中文摘要:
      为了实现对中国社工离职倾向现状的总体描述,并检验“个体—职业/组织—家庭三因素模型”对于解释中国社工离职倾向原因的科学性,采用“中国社会工作者职业现状调查”的大样本全国调查数据(n=3111)开展研究。结果发现,有19.6%的社工想离开社工行业,这表明中国社工离职(转行)倾向的现状不容乐观。分层回归分析发现,个体因素、职业/组织因素和家庭因素均可以独立地解释社工在离职倾向得分上的变异,这表明,“个体—职业/组织—家庭三因素模型”确实是一个解释中国社工离职倾向原因的合理框架。这一模型是对西方“个体—组织模型”的扩展,体现了在东方文化中家庭因素对社工离职倾向的重要影响。这一研究结果对社工机构如何降低社工的离职倾向提供了重要的启示。
英文摘要:
      In order to realize the general description of turnover intention among Chinese social workers and to test the scientificity of a three dimension “individual profession/organization family” model in attempting to explain Chinese social workers’turnover inclination,based on survey data (n=3111) collected by “China General Survey on Professional Social Workers”,this study is one of the few empirical studies that used a national data to explore social workers’ turnover intention in China.The results show that 19.6% of social workers have considered leaving the profession,which indicate that Chinese social workers turnover intention status is not optimistic.A hierarchical regression reveals that factors of individual level,professional organization level and family level have respective contributions to turnover intention,which indicate that this three dimension model is a scientific and promising model to explain Chinese social workers’ turnover intention.This model expands the western individual organization model,and embodies the important influence of family factor in eastern culture on the turnover intention of social workers.The findings of this study also have practical implication for organization management to reduce Chinese social workers’ turnover intention.
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