针对我国食品安全事件时有发生,食品安全监管存在监管主体不统一、各类信息“孤岛化”和缺乏全过程监管等现状,提出充分利用大数据、物联网和云计算等新一代信息技术的优点,保障食品安全。 通过国内外文献的广泛调研和深入分析,发现运用大数据技术能将食品安全监管涉及原料供应、食品加工、运输和销售全过程的海量数据聚合在一起,形成有效、实时的大数据,有效进行食品风险管理和食品供应链管理。 利用物联网技术,可以实现食品安全全程追溯管理,实现食品安全源头可溯、去向可查、责任可究、全程监控的监管目标。 云计算可以针对食品安全监管全过程的大数据高效分析,且无时间、地点限制,云计算还可以改善信息不对称的问题,解决信息“孤岛化”问题。 新一代信息技术在食品安全监管应用中的不断融合 和全面推广,不仅能够进行事后的被动追溯,还能够实现事前、事中的主动管理和全天候监控,有效减少食品安全事故的发生,为我国的食品安全提供有力保障。
In view of the current situation of food safety incidents occurring from time to time in China the inconsistency of supervision subjects in China?? s food safety supervision the ??isolation of all kinds of information and the lack of whole-process supervision it is proposed to make full use of the advantages of new generation information technologies such as big data Internet of Things and cloud computing to ensure food safety. Through extensive research and in-depth analysis of domestic and foreign literature it is found that the use of big data technology can aggregate the massive data of food safety supervision involving the whole process of raw material supply food processing transportation and sales forming effective and real-time big data and effectively conducting food risk management and food supply chain management. The Internet of Things technology can be used to achieve whole-process traceability management of food safety so as to realize the supervision goal of food safety that the source can be traced the destination can be traced the responsibility can be investigated and the whole-process is under monitoring. Cloud computing can efficiently analyze big data in the whole process of food safety supervision without time and place restrictions. Cloud computing can also improve the problem of information asymmetry and solve the problem of information ?? islanding . The continuous integration and comprehensive promotion of the new generation of information technology in the application of food safety supervision can not only carry out passive traceability after the event but also realize active management and all-weather monitoring before and during the event effectively reducing the occurrence of food safety accidents and offering a strong guarantee for China's food safety.
XIANG Zhao-bao, CHEN Peng-fei. Application of New Generation Information Technology in Food Safety Guarantee[J]. Journal of Chongqing Technology and Business University(Natural Science Edition）,2022,39(6):30-39