胡欢庆,周愉峰.基于解释结构模型的血荒影响因素研究[J].重庆工商大学学报(自然科学版),2020,37(6):76-82
HU Huan-qing ,ZHOU Yu-feng.Influencing Factors of Blood Shortage Based on Explanatory Structure Model[J].Journal of Chongqing Technology and Business University(Natural Science Edition),2020,37(6):76-82
基于解释结构模型的血荒影响因素研究
Influencing Factors of Blood Shortage Based on Explanatory Structure Model
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  解释结构模型  血荒  献血招募机制  无偿献血  血液供应
英文关键词:explanatory structural model  blood shortage  blood donation recruitment mechanism  unpaid blood donation  blood supply
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作者单位
胡欢庆,周愉峰 1.重庆工商大学 国家智能制造服务国际科技合作基地重庆 4000672.重庆工商大学 重庆市发展信息管理工程技术研究中心重庆 400067 
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中文摘要:
      针对我国众多城市医疗机构临床用血紧张、血荒现象日趋严重的现状,提出了血荒影响因素及其体系结构的研究问题;基于解释结构模型(ISM),建立具有一定逻辑关系的影响因子递阶有向图,分析出各因素对血荒影响程度;结果表明:血荒影响因素分为6个层次、4个层级,分别为浅层、中层、深层以及最深层,而献血率低及其驱动因素是导致血荒出现的主要因素,献血率低受到一系列深层和最深层因素的影响;从根本上解决血荒困境,重点在于提高无偿献血率,这需要建立一系列的献血招募长效机制,营造更加公平、完备、顺畅、透明的血液保障体系与社会环境。
英文摘要:
      According to more and more severe situation of clinical blood shortage and blood shortage in many urban medical institutions in China, the research on the influencing factors of blood shortage and its architecture is put forward. Based on the Interpretative Structure Model (ISM), a hierarchical digraph of impact factors with a certain logical relationship is established to analyze the influencing levels of each factor on blood shortage. The results show that the influencing factors of blood shortage are divided into six layers and four levels such as shallow level, middle level, deep level and the deepest level. The low blood donation rate and its driving factors are the main factors leading to the emergence of blood shortage. Low blood donation rates are affected by a range of deep and the deepest factors. To fundamentally solve the dilemma of blood shortage, the focus is on increasing the rate of unpaid blood donation, which requires the establishment of a series of long term mechanisms for blood donation and recruitment. Therefore, a more fair, complete, smooth and transparent blood security system and social environment should be created.
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