陈修素, 吴小芳, 陈睿.重庆制造业在长江经济带中的比较优势研究[J].重庆工商大学学报(自然科学版),2019,36(1):78-86
重庆制造业在长江经济带中的比较优势研究
Research on Comparative Advantage of Chongqing′s Manufacturing Industry in the Yangtze River Economic Belt
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  重庆制造业  比较优势  主成分分析法  区位熵  产业集聚指数
英文关键词:Chongqing′s manufacturing industry  comparative advantage  principal component analysis  regional entropy  industrial agglomeration index
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作者单位
陈修素, 吴小芳, 陈睿 重庆工商大学a.数学与统计学院b.信息化办公室重庆 400067 
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中文摘要:
      为了研究重庆制造业的比较优势,从影响制造业水平的经济创造能力、主营业务管理和资产负债能力3个重要方面筛选了15个相关指标构建了长江经济带各省份制造业比较优势的指标体系,利用最新数据和主成分分析法对近年各省份的制造业比较优势进行了综合评价,认为重庆制造业整体上位列长江经济带第5,与浙江、四川等同属该区域的第二梯队;测算了长江经济带近年各省份的区位熵,并得到各省份的阶段区位熵及重庆的列位表,计算了各地区制造业近期产业集聚指数,研究显示重庆的交通运输设备制造业、通信等电子设备制造业、医药制造业等6个行业在长江经济带中具有比较优势,且前两个行业的比较优势凸显,据此提出了相关对策建议
英文摘要:
      In order to study the comparative advantage of Chongqing′s manufacturing industry, by screening 15 related indicators from such three important aspects as economic creative capacity affecting the level of manufacturing industry, main business management and asset indebted capacity, this paper builds index system of comparative advantages of the manufacturing industry of all provinces and municipalities of the Yangtze River economic belt, and uses the newest data and principal component analysis to make comprehensive evaluation on the comparative advantage. The results show that Chongqing′s manufacturing industry, as a whole, is located at the fifth place in the Yangtze River economic belt and belongs to the second team as Zhejiang, Sichuan and so on. This paper measures the regional entropy in recent years in the belt, obtains the periodic regional entropy of all provinces and municipalities of the belt and Chongqing′s position, and calculates recent industrial agglomeration index of all industries of all provinces and municipalities of the belt. The research indicates that Chongqing′s six manufacturing industries such as transportation equipment, communication and electronics as well as medicine industry and so on have comparative advantage, the first two industries have significant comparative advantage. Based on this, the related countermeasures and suggestions are put forward.
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