The year 2022 is the 30th anniversary of the construction of the Three Gorges Project. Summarizing the construction achievements of the Three Gorges Project and looking forward to the future path of the Three Gorges Reservoir Region are of great practical significance for further improving the benefits of the Three Gorges project, promoting the high-quality development of the Yangtze River economic belt, and providing experience for the world’s water conservancy and hydropower reservoir areas. On April 2, 2022, Chongqing Association of Regional Economics, Three Gorges University, and Hubei Association of Regional Economics jointly hosted the “Academic Seminar on the 30th Anniversary of the Construction of the Three Gorges Project and the 2021 Annual Meeting of Chongqing Association of Regional Economics”. Experts and scholars attending the meeting conducted in-depth discussions on the benefits of the Three Gorges Project, the construction of ecological barriers in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region, population change and livelihood support for migrants, pollution sources and risk source management, landscape ecological risk prevention and control, national park construction, industrial layout in the reservoir area, green financial development, smart energy development, and the governance of drawdown zones. Experts and scholars at the meeting believed that the Three Gorges project, as advanced equipment for China, has shown great benefits in flood control, power generation, shipping, ecological environmental protection, science and technology, comprehensive utilization of water resources, tourism and other aspects, laying the foundation for the national strategy of the Yangtze River economic belt, and making outstanding contributions to the development of river basins and coordinated regional development. At the same time, the construction of important ecological barriers in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River has begun to bear fruit, the immigration support policy and the development of rural e-commerce have effectively improved the livelihood of migrants, the overall trend of population evolution is positive, and the conditions and opportunities for the construction of the Three Gorges National Park are also unique. Experts and scholars at the meeting believed that protecting the ecological environment is the main goal of the future development of the Three Gorges Reservoir Region. It should be based on ecological improvement, driven by green development, and ensured by coordinated development to accelerate the construction of a new pattern of ecological protection in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region. In terms of ecological improvement, the Three Gorges Reservoir Region should make every effort to build an important ecological barrier in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, strengthen systematic protection and overall protection, establish and improve the pollution source and risk source governance system and mechanism, and actively prevent and control landscape ecological risks. In terms of green development, the Three Gorges Reservoir Region should adhere to the orientation of green development, calculate the “big account, long-term account, overall account and comprehensive account”, coordinate and promote green development, and optimize the green development pattern with the adjustment of industrial space layout as the starting point, strengthen green development support with green financial development as the focus, and stimulate new momentum for green development with the construction of a smart energy innovation system. In terms of coordinated development, the Three Gorges Reservoir Region needs to coordinate the relationship between ecological protection and economic development, coordinate the relationship between population development and resource utilization, and coordinate the relationship between human settlements and the ecological environment, so as to realize the harmonious coexistence between man and nature. In addition, some scholars suggest holding an International Forum on the Three Gorges to tell the story of the Three Gorges to the world.