China’s economic development has entered a new normal state, shifting from a stage of high-speed growth to a stage of high-quality development. On November 6, 2021, the First China Western Forum on High-quality Development and the Capacity Building of Western Social Science Journals in the New Era jointly sponsored by the Information Center for Social Science of Renmin University of China, Center for Development of Western China of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and the Academic Journal Office of Chongqing Technology and Business University was held in Chongqing Technology and Business University. The experts and scholars at the conference discussed and exchanged views on the path of high-quality development of China’s economy in the new era from the following aspects. Firstly, it is necessary to implement in-depth regional major strategies, regional coordinated development strategies, and rural revitalization strategies to promote the balanced development of urban and rural areas and promote common prosperity. Secondly, it is necessary to thoroughly implement the innovation-driven development strategy, accelerate the construction of “digital China”, and achieve high-quality and full development. Finally, it is necessary to accelerate the construction of a new dual-cycle development pattern and promote socialist modernization.