孟东方.高品质生活的居民感知与创造路径——基于重庆市39个区县的调查分析[J].西部论坛,2021,31(3):44-56
高品质生活的居民感知与创造路径——基于重庆市39个区县的调查分析
Perception of the Inhabitants and Creation Path for High-quality Life: Survey and Analysis Based on 39 Districts and Counties of Chongqing
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  高品质生活  幸福感  安全感  获得感  物质生活  精神生活  高质量发展
英文关键词:high-quality life  happiness perception  safety perception  acquisition perception  material life  spiritual life  high-quality development
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作者单位
孟东方 重庆师范大学重庆 401331 
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中文摘要:
      高品质生活是在经济、政治、文化、社会和生态等各方面充分平衡发展条件下,人们所呈现出的共享高质量物质生活和高品位精神生活的生存和发展状态;创造高品质生活是与高质量发展相适应、与人民群众日益增长的美好生活需要相统一的。基于“幸福感”“安全感”和“认同度”3个维度构建高品质生活的居民感知评价指标体系,对重庆市居民的抽样调查分析结果充分反映了当前人民日益增长的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的发展之间的矛盾:重庆市居民对高品质生活的整体满意度处于中等水平,其中“安全感”和“幸福感”指数较高,而“认同度”指数较低,主城都市区和收入较高的居民满意度较高;经济发展的相对落后是重庆市居民获得感(认同度)较低的最主要原因,但居民对未来的物质生活和发展前景充满期待和信心;重庆市居民对个人人身和财产安全以及社会治安的满意度较高,但对食品安全的满意度较低。重庆市创造高品质生活,首先要实现经济的高质量发展,促进居民的收入增长和就业稳定;其次要加快相对落后地区的经济社会发展,加大对弱势群体和低收入群体的生活保障和帮扶力度;最后还要加强精神文明和生态文明建设,并充分利用“成渝地区双城经济圈”建设的发展机遇,不断提升全市人民的幸福感、安全感和获得感。
英文摘要:
      High-quality life is a state of the survival and development expressed by the people for sharing high-quality material life and spiritual life under the sufficiently balanced development condition of economy, politics, culture, society, ecology and so on, therefore, the creation of high-quality life is consistent with high-quality development and the increasing demand of the people for beautiful life. Based on three-dimension such as “happiness perception”, “safety perception” and “identification degree”, the perception evaluation index system of Chongqing Inhabitants for high-quality life is established, the sampling survey and analysis results from Chongqing Inhabitants adequately reflect the contradiction between the presently increasing demand of Chongqing Inhabitants for beautiful life and the unbalanced and insufficient development. Chongqing Inhabitants’ overall satisfaction with high-quality life stays at middle level, among which the index of “safety perception” and “happiness perception” is higher while the index of “identification degree” is lower, the satisfaction of the Inhabitants in the main urban districts and the Inhabitants with high income is higher. The relative backward economic development is the main reason for the acquisition perception (identification degree) of Chongqing Inhabitants to be lower, but they are fully confident and expectant for future material life and development. The satisfaction of Chongqing Inhabitants with the personal physical and asset safety as well as public order is high, but their satisfaction with food safety is low. The creation of high-quality life in Chongqing should firstly realize the high-quality development of the economy to boost the income growth and employment stability of Chongqing Inhabitants, then accelerate the economic and social development in the relative backward areas, strengthen the living security and support for the vulnerable groups and low income people, finally, intensify the construction of spiritual civilization and ecological civilization, and sufficiently take the development opportunity of constructing “Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle” to continuously promote the happiness perception, safety perception and acquisition perception of all Chongqing Inhabitants.
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