吴晓婷,杨锦秀,曾建霞.土地确权颁证减少农地撂荒的区位差异与时间效应——基于农地流转的机制分析与实证检验[J].西部论坛,2021,31(1):113-124
土地确权颁证减少农地撂荒的区位差异与时间效应——基于农地流转的机制分析与实证检验
Regional Difference and Time Effect of Land Registration on Reducing Farmland Abandonment: Mechanism Analysis and Empirical Test Based on Farmland Transfer
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  确权颁证  农地撂荒  农地流转  土地承包经营权  农户非农化  农业生产区位
英文关键词:land registration  farmland abandonment  land transfer  land contracted management right  farmers non-agricultural management  agricultural production location
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作者单位
吴晓婷,杨锦秀,曾建霞 四川农业大学 经济学院四川 成都 611130 
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中文摘要:
      农地撂荒是在城镇化进程中普遍存在的社会经济现象。在中国农村土地集体所有、家庭承包经营的条件下,农户非农化带来的农地撂荒问题需要通过农地流转来解决。确权颁证增强了农户土地承包经营权的稳定性和排他性,在农地流转便利、流转收益较大的情况下会促进农地流转,进而减少农地撂荒。采用四川省9个农村土地改革试点县区市426户农户的调查数据,运用内生转换Probit(ESP)模型的分析表明:已确权颁证农户的农地撂荒概率显著低于未确权颁证农户,土地确权颁证能够有效抑制农地撂荒;土地确权颁证减少农地撂荒具有区位差异,确权颁证对农地撂荒的抑制效应在平原地区、丘陵地区和山区依次递减;土地确权颁证减少农地撂荒具有时间效应,越早确权颁证的农户农地撂荒的概率越低。各地应积极推进农村土地确权颁证工作,但不能为“颁证”而“确权”,要与“三权分置”改革相配合,切实保障农户土地权益,有效促进农地流转;在山区和偏远地区,还应克服农业生产及自然条件的限制,降低农地经营成本,扩大农地流转的规模效应和经济效益。
英文摘要:
      Farmland abandonment is a common social phenomenon in rural areas in the process of urbanization. In China, rural land is collectively owned. Under the family contracted condition, the land abandonment brought by farmers non-agricultural business can be solved by farmland transfer. Land registration consolidates the stability and exclusiveness of rural family contracted land management rights, boost farmland transfer under the condition of convenient farmland transfer and big gain of land transfer and further reduce the farmland abandonment. Based on the survey data of 426 rural households in 9 pilot counties, districts and cities for land reform in Sichuan Province, through using endogenous switching probit (ESP) model, the analysis results show that the farmland abandonment rate of the farmers of land registration is significantly lower than that of the farmers of farmland non-registration, that land registration can effectively restrict farmland abandonment, that farmland abandonment reduction by land registration has regional difference, that the restraining effect of land registration on land abandonment is descending in plain region, hills region and mountainous region in turn, that the farmland abandonment reduction by land registration has time effect, the earlier the land registration, the lower the probability of farmland abandonment. Therefore, all regions should actively boost rural land registration, combine “three-right separation”, practically protect the land rights and interests of farmers, effectively promote land transfer, overcome the restriction of agricultural production and natural condition in mountainous and remote areas, reduce agricultural management cost, and enlarge the scale effect and economic profit of land transfer.
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