成肖,李敬.劳动争议、资本深化与劳动收入份额——影响机制与中国经验[J].西部论坛,2021,31(1):48-58
劳动争议、资本深化与劳动收入份额——影响机制与中国经验
Labor Disputes, Capital Deepening and Labor Income Share in China: Influencing Mechanism and China’s Experience
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  劳动争议  劳动收入份额  资本深化  要素相对价格  要素替代
英文关键词:labor disputes  labor income share  capital deepening  factor relative price  factor substitution
基金项目:
作者单位
成肖,李敬 重庆工商大学 a.经济学院
b.长江上游经济研究中心重庆 400067 
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中文摘要:
      劳动争议纠纷的增多已成为中国经济发展中不容忽视的问题。采用1998—2016年中国省际面板数据的分析表明:劳均劳动争议案件数与劳均资本存量显著正相关、与劳动收入份额显著负相关,劳均资本存量与劳动收入份额显著负相关;劳动争议增加将促使企业用资本替代劳动,产生资本深化现象,而资本深化程度的提高会降低劳动收入份额,并且资本深化在劳动争议影响劳动收入份额中发挥完全中介效应。因此,应积极构建和谐劳动关系,增强对劳动争议的调解处置能力,在经济增长的同时实现居民收入同步增长,在劳动生产率提高的同时实现劳动报酬同步提高。
英文摘要:
      Increasingly complex labor disputes have become a problem that can not be ignored in China’s economic development. Analysis by using the provincial panel data from 1998 to 2016 shows that the number of average labor disputes cases per labor is significantly positively correlated with the average capital stock per labor and is significantly negatively related to labor income share, and that average capital stock per labor is significantly negatively correlated with labor income share. The increase of labor disputes in China will prompt manufacturers to use the capital to substitute labor and produce the phenomenon of capital deepening while the promotion of capital deepening extent will decrease labor income share and capital deepening has the mediating effect in the influence of labor disputes on labor income share. Therefore, China should actively build harmonious labor relation, strengthen the capacity to mediate the labor disputes, implement the synchronous growth of residents’ income while the economy grows, and realize the synchronous promotion of labor income while labor productivity grows.
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