秦蒙.卡莱茨基经济增长理论的形成、发展与当代价值[J].西部论坛,2021,31(1):12-23
卡莱茨基经济增长理论的形成、发展与当代价值
Formation, Development and Contemporary Value of Kalecki's Economic Growth Theory
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  卡莱茨基  收入分配  经济增长  有效需求  工资份额  卡莱茨基主义经济增长模型
英文关键词:Kalecki  income distribution  economic growth  effective demand  wage share  Kaleckian economic growth model
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作者单位
秦蒙 中国人民大学 经济学院北京 100872 
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中文摘要:
      卡莱茨基从马克思的政治经济学出发,提出了垄断竞争资本主义条件下的经济增长理论。卡莱茨基经济增长理论基于有效需求理论阐述了资本主义收入分配对经济增长的作用以及经济周期性波动的原因;继承卡莱茨基经济思想的卡莱茨基主义经济增长模型进一步强调收入分配是总需求的关键性决定因素,并逐渐发展成为后凯恩斯主义经济学分析收入分配与经济增长问题的标准范式之一。卡莱茨基经济增长理论的“收入分配影响经济增长”“收入分配制度要适应经济增长体制”等经济思想也适用于社会主义市场经济,对丰富和发展中国特色社会主义市场经济理论具有重要的借鉴意义,对深化经济体制改革和完善收入分配制度亦具有重要的指导意义;卡莱茨基主义经济增长模型也可以用于研究当代中国的经济增长体制,但应注意结合经济实践对其进行优化;卡莱茨基经济增长理论和模型只有不断发展,并应用于双循环新发展格局研究中,才能更好地体现和发挥其当代价值。
英文摘要:
      Kalecki proposed the theory of economic growth under monopolistic competitive capitalism based on Marx's political economics. Based on the principle of effective demand, Kalecki’s economic growth theory specifically discussed the action of capitalist income distribution on the economic growth and the cause for economic periodic volatility. The Kaleckian school who inherited Kalecki’s ideas further emphasized that income distribution is the key determinant of aggregate demand, and Kaleckian growth model has become one of the standard paradigms of post-Keynesian economics to analyze growth and distribution problems. The ideas that “income distribution affects economic growth” and that the income distribution system should fit for economic growth system in Kalecki’s economic growth theory are of reference significance to enriching and developing socialist market economy theory with Chinese characteristics and are also of guiding significance to deepening economic system reform and improving income distribution system. Kaleckian economic growth model can be used to study contemporary China’s economic growth system but should be optimized based on economic practice. Only by continuously developing and applying to double-circulation new development pattern research, can Kalecki’s economic growth theory and model embody and play their contemporary value.
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