安晓明.新时代乡村产业振兴的战略取向、实践问题与应对[J].西部论坛,2020,30(6):38-47
新时代乡村产业振兴的战略取向、实践问题与应对
The Strategic Orientation, Realistic Predicament and Countermeasures for Rural Industry Revitalization at New Era
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  乡村产业振兴  产业现代化  现代化产业体系  双循环发展新格局  农民主体作用
英文关键词:rural industry revitalization  industrial modernization  modernized industrial system  new pattern of double circulations development  main body role of farmers
基金项目:
作者单位
安晓明 1.河南省社会科学院河南 郑州 4500022.郑州航空工业管理学院 航空经济发展河南省协同创新中心河南 郑州 450046 
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中文摘要:
      乡村振兴是新时代解决我国社会主要矛盾和应对世界百年未有之大变局的必然要求,而乡村产业振兴是乡村全面振兴的物质基础。乡村产业振兴要“三位一体”构建乡村产业国内国际双循环发展新格局:通过多元化、特色化、绿色化、共享化、数字化和优质化推进乡村产业自身现代化;以要素配置市场化促进一二三产业和城乡产业融合发展,构建现代化产业体系;更好利用国际国内两个市场、两种资源,在满足国内消费需求,尤其是保障国家粮食安全的基础上进一步融入全球产业体系。同时,要充分发挥农民的主体作用,发展壮大农村集体经济,以共享发展促进共同富裕。目前,在一些地区的乡村产业振兴实践中存在目标认识单一、目标设置短视、项目选择低质化和同质化等问题,产业振兴的软硬环境也有待完善。应正确把握乡村产业振兴的战略取向,目标设置要多元化并兼顾长短期,项目选择要因地制宜并坚持生态优先和利农惠农优先,通过基础设施提质、创业支持、服务优化等积极营造良好的乡村产业振兴环境。
英文摘要:
      Village revitalization is the necessary requirement for dealing with the main contradiction of China and for responding to sea-change of the world in one hundred years, the revitalization of rural industry is the material basis of the overall revitalization of rural areas. Rural industry revitalization should construct “a trinity” of rural industries with a new development pattern of international and internal double circulations by promoting self-modernization of rural industries through diversification, characterization, greening, sharing, digitalization and excellence, should use elements allocation marketization to boost the integrated development among primary industry, secondary industry and tertiary industry and urban and rural industries to build modernized industrial system, should better take the advantage of international and domestic two markets and two kinds of resources to further integrate into global industrial system on the basis of meeting the demand of China, especially guaranteeing the national grain safety. Meanwhile, we should sufficiently bring the main body role of the farmers into fully play, develop and enlarge rural collective economy, and use mutual sharing development to boost mutual richness. Currently, there are some problems in some areas such as single objective recognition, short-sighted objective setting, low quality industrial selection and homogenization and so on, the hard environment for industrial revitalization needs to be perfected. We should properly hold the strategic orientation of rural industrial revitalization, adhere to diversified, long-term and short-term industrial setting, select the industries based on the reality, stick to ecological preference and farmer-patronizing preference and should actively create good rural industry revitalization environment by infrastructure upgrading, entrepreneurship support, excellent service and so on.
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