杨励,欧嘉丽.房产税促进地区产业结构优化的路径与异质性表现——产业转移和企业创新视角的沪渝比较[J].西部论坛,2020,30(6):13-26
房产税促进地区产业结构优化的路径与异质性表现——产业转移和企业创新视角的沪渝比较
The Path and Heterogeneity Expression of Regional Industrial Structure Optimization Promoted by Property Tax: Comparison of Chongqing and Shanghai from the Perspective of Industrial Transfer and Enterprise Innovation
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  房产税  相对房价  产业结构合理化  产业结构高级化  产业转移
英文关键词:property tax  relative housing price  rationalization of industrial structure  advanced industrial structure  industrial transfe
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作者单位
杨励,欧嘉丽 广东外语外贸大学 经济贸易学院广州 510006 
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中文摘要:
      房地产市场过度繁荣带来的房价过快上涨会影响要素流动和企业行为,进而加剧资源错配,不利于地区产业结构优化。征收房产税可以有效抑制房价过快上涨,通过地区相对房价的下降减轻资源错配程度,并从影响产业转移和推动企业创新两条路径促进地区产业结构优化。运用合成控制法对上海和重庆房产税改革试点的政策效应进行评估,结果表明:重庆的房产税政策有效抑制了房价过快上涨,促进了先进产业的转入和创新水平的提高,进而显著提高了地区产业结构合理化和高级化水平,地区产业结构优化效应明显;上海的房产税政策对房价上涨的抑制作用不明显,高房价阻碍了高技能人才的流入,导致其产业高级化水平的提高更多依赖于低端服务业的发展,不利于地区产业结构合理化,总体上并未能有效促进地区产业结构优化。上海与重庆房产税政策效应的差异不仅源于其政策力度的不同,还由于两地经济发展水平和产业结构的不同。房产税政策必须有效抑制房价上涨,并应结合本地经济发展实际因地制宜,才能更好地促进地区产业结构优化。
英文摘要:
      Excessively rapid rise of housing price brought by excessive prosperity of real estate market can affect factor flowing and enterprise behavior, and further aggravate the dislocation of resources, which is not conducive to industrial structure optimization. The property tax is expected to be an important policy to restrain the rapid rise of housing prices and to alleviate the resources dislocation by the declining of regionally relative housing price and to boost regional industrial structure optimization by the two paths such as industrial transfer and enterprise innovation. This paper uses the synthetic control method to evaluate the impact of the property tax policy on the optimization and upgrading of the regional industrial structure on the basis of theoretical mechanism analysis, and the research results show that Chongqing’s real estate tax policy has effectively restrained the rapid rise of housing price and significantly improved its industrial structure rationalization and advanced innovation level, and generally promoted the optimization and upgrading of the regional industrial structure and has obvious industrial structure optimization effect; Shanghai’s real estate tax policy is not significant to restrain the rise of housing price, high housing price obstructs the inflow of hi-tech talents, causes the upgrading of industrial structure to more depend on the development of low-level service industry, which is not helpful to regional industrial structure rationalization and which is not effective to promote regional industrial structure optimization as a whole. The difference in the effect of the real estate tax policy between Shanghai and Chongqing is not only from the implementation degree of the policy but also is because of the difference in regional economic development level and industrial structure. Real estate tax policy must effectively restrain the rapid rise of housing price and can better bring industrial structure optimization into fully play by combining local economic development reality.
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