王静田,付晓东.数字经济的独特机制、理论挑战与发展启示——基于生产要素秩序演进和生产力进步的探讨[J].西部论坛,2020,30(6):1-12
数字经济的独特机制、理论挑战与发展启示——基于生产要素秩序演进和生产力进步的探讨
The Unique Mechanism, Theoretical Challenge and Development Inspiration of Digital Economy: Discussion Based on Production Element Order Evolution and Productivity Progress
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  数字经济  生产力  生产要素  数字技术  数据资源  数字平台  数字化
英文关键词:digital economy  productivity  production element  digital technology  data resources  digital platform  digitalization
基金项目:
作者单位
王静田,付晓东 中国人民大学 应用经济学院北京 100872 
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中文摘要:
      随着人类社会的进步,数字技术的发展和应用使数据成为新的生产要素,数字化改造机制和平台机制的建立和完善进一步促使数据成为关键生产要素。生产力要素秩序的演进使数字生产力成为当代先进生产力并带来生产方式(经济发展模式)的改进,进而产生新的经济形态——数字经济。数字化改造机制和平台机制是数字经济运行的基础,由此产生的加速机制和普惠机制则是数字经济的优势所在;在这些独特机制的作用下,数字经济表现出共享即时性、无限指数性、跨界均衡性、多样精准性等与传统经济不同的特性,〖JP2〗在提升社会生产力水平,加速经济增长和财富积累的同时,也给传统经济理论带来冲击和挑战。作为社会主义国家,中国不但要利用数字化改造机制和平台机制强化数字经济的加速机制以及无限指数性和多样精准性,抢占数字经济发展的先机,实现跨越式发展,满足人民日益增长的美好生活需要;还应充分利用数字经济的普惠机制及共享即时性和跨界均衡性,加强顶层设计,建立共享平台,实现包容性增长和协调发展,走向共同富裕。
英文摘要:
      With the progress of human society, the development and application of digital technology make the data become new production element, and the establishment and perfection of digitalized improvement mechanism and platform mechanism further boost the data to become the key production element. The evolution of productivity element order makes digital productivity become modern advanced productivity and bring the improvement of production method (economic development pattern) and further produce new economic form, digital economy. Digitalized reform mechanism and platform mechanism are the basis for digital economy to operate, based on this, the produced accelerating mechanism and generalized system of preference are the advantage of the digital economy. Under the action of these unique mechanisms, the digital economy presents the characteristics of sharing instantaneity, infinite index, diversity and dispersion, and cross-border equilibrium, which are different from the traditional economic theory. The digital economy brings the shock and challenge to traditional economic theory while promoting social productivity level, accelerating economic growth and accumulating wealth. As a socialist country, China should not only make use of the digitalized reform mechanism and platform mechanism to strengthen the accelerating mechanism, infinite index, diversity and accuracy of the digital economy to take the opportunity to develop the digital economy, to realize great-leap-forward development and to meet the demand of the Chinese people for better life, but also take the advantage of generalized system of preference, sharing instantaneity and cross-border equilibrium of the digital economy to intensify top design, to set up sharing platform, to realize inclusion growth and coordinated development and to make efforts for common richness.
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