沈琳,彭冬冬.美国对华反倾销会促进中国非倾销出口产品的质量提升吗?——反倾销的出口产品质量溢出效应及其作用机制研究[J].西部论坛,2020,30(5):82-96
美国对华反倾销会促进中国非倾销出口产品的质量提升吗?——反倾销的出口产品质量溢出效应及其作用机制研究
Can US Antidumping against China Promote Quality Promotion of China’s Non-dumping Export Products?: Research on Spillover Effect of Antidumping Export Product Quality and Its Acting Mechanism
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  反倾销  多产品出口企业  出口产品质量  溢出效应  贸易偏转效应  竞争促进效应  中美贸易摩擦
英文关键词:antidumping  multi-product export enterprises  export product quality  spillover effect  trade deflection effect  competition promotion effect  Sino-US trade friction
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作者单位
沈琳,彭冬冬 1.福建师范大学 协和学院福建 福州 3501082.中共福建省委党校 生态文明教研部福建 福州 350001 
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中文摘要:
      反倾销会促使受影响企业增加对反倾销发起国的非倾销产品的出口(贸易偏转效应),导致非倾销产品在反倾销发起国市场的竞争加剧(竞争促进效应),进而倒逼企业提高非倾销出口产品的质量(出口产品质量溢出效应)。采用2000—2013年企业—产品层面的微观数据,运用双重差分法分析美国对华反倾销对中国受影响企业非倾销产品出口质量的影响,结果显示:美国对华反倾销显著提高了中国受影响企业非倾销出口产品的质量,具有明显的出口产品质量溢出效应;贸易偏转效应引致竞争促进效应是该质量溢出效应的重要作用机制,因而,对于美国对中国进口依赖度较高、出口目的地较多、企业内等级较高以及国有企业的非倾销产品,美国对华反倾销的出口产品质量提升效应较小;此外,美国对华反倾销在促使受影响的中国企业提高非倾销出口产品质量的同时(产品内效应),也会促使低质量的产品退出出口市场(退出效应),进而提升出口产品的总体质量。中国应采取更加中性的对外贸易政策,实施出口产品质量提升工程,充分利用国外对华反倾销的倒逼效应促进出口企业的转型升级和高质量发展。
英文摘要:
      Antidumping can boost the affected enterprises to increase the export of non-dumping products of the antidumping originator (trade deflection effect), cause the market competition intensification (competition promotion effect) of non-dumping products in the antidumping originator, and further force the enterprises to promote the quality of non-dumping export products (export product quality spillover effect). Based on the micro-data at the enterprise-product level from 2000 to 2013, this article uses DID to examine the impact of US anti-dumping on China's export product quality of non-dumping products. The results show that US anti-dumping against China has significantly improved the export quality of non-dumping products of the affected companies, which have significant export product quality spillover effect; The trade deflection effect causing the competition promotion effect is the important acting mechanism of the quality spillover effect, thereby, for the non-dumping products, which US has a high dependence on China's imports, many export destinations, high-level intra-enterprise, and in the state-owned enterprises, the export product quality promotion effect of US antidumping against China is little. In addition, the US anti-dumping to China can also force low quality products to withdraw from export market (exit effect) and further to promote the overall quality of the export products while forcing the affected Chinese enterprises to improve the quality of the non-dumping products (intra-product effect). China should implement more neutral foreign trade policy, carry out export product quality promotion project, and sufficiently use the forcing effect of foreign antidumping to China to boost the transformation and upgrading as well as high quality development of the export enterprises.
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