方行明,王璐,杨万东,鲁玉秀.黄河治理新思路:构建智能化储水、储能综合体[J].西部论坛,2020,30(5):57-69
黄河治理新思路:构建智能化储水、储能综合体
New Ideas for the Management of the Yellow River: Building an Intelligent Water Storage and Energy Storage Complex
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  黄河  储水  储能  综合体  循环
英文关键词:the Yellow River  water storage  energy storage  complex  circulation
基金项目:
作者单位
方行明,王璐,杨万东,鲁玉秀 1.西南财经大学 经济学院四川成都 6100742.中国人民大学 应用经济学院北京 100872 
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中文摘要:
      本文根据黄河治理现状提出黄河治理优化、转型的策略和路径,旨在充分发挥黄河自身的潜力,努力实现流域水资源利用的最大化、最优化,并对水资源的使用进行精细化管控,以求保持黄河水资源和水能资源的可持续供给,实现黄河自身水资源利用的最大化,以满足区域用水需求。借鉴岷江都江堰水利工程分流、引流的原理,根据黄河水势在不同年份、不同季节的变化,在黄河中上游汛期引流并筑坝储水、储能。创新储水、储能模式,借助先进的抽水蓄能电站原理,将西北丰富的风能、太阳能资源转换成水能储存,构建储水、储能的综合体,形成水资源和能源生产循环系统,实现对黄河水资源和能源利用的良性循环,并根据水资源和能源的需求来调节供水或供能,既可缓解汛期的洪水压力,又可在干旱年份或枯水季节供水、供能,缓解旱情。通过使用5G、智能技术、大数据等先进信息技术对整个流域各河段的水情进行监测和调控,以实现流量的稳定管控,避免负面效应的发生。
英文摘要:
      According to current situation of the management of the Yellow River, this paper puts forward the strategy and path for the optimization and transformation of the management of the Yellow River. The Yellow River's self-potential should be brought into fully play to make efforts to realize the maximum and optimal use of water resources of the Yellow River basin, and conduct precision control of water use to maintain its water resources and the sustainable supply of its water resources to meet regional water demand. Based on the principle of diversion and drainage of Dujiangyan of the Minjiang River, according to the changes of the Yellow River water potential in different years and different seasons, it is suitable to drain at the flood season and to build dam for water storage and energy storage in the middle and upper reaches of the Yellow River. By the innovation in water storage and energy storage mode, with the principle of advanced pumped storage power station, we should build a complex of water storage and energy storage to form a water and energy production cycle system and achieve a virtuous cycle of water resource and energy resources of the Yellow River by transforming the rich wind energy and solar energy resources in Northwest China into water energy to be stored, and adjust water supply or energy supply according to the demand of water and energy resources, which can not only relieve the flood pressure during flood season, but also provide water supply and energy supply in drought years or dry seasons to alleviate the drought. By using advanced information technologies such as 5G, smart technology and big data, the water conditions of the river sections in the whole Yellow River basin are monitored and regulated to achieve stable flow control and avoid negative effects.
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