杨人豪,杨庆媛,冯一泰.农村集体经营性建设用地入市的基层治理研究——基于扎根理论对成都市郫都区宝华村的案例分析[J].西部论坛,2020,30(5):32-42
农村集体经营性建设用地入市的基层治理研究——基于扎根理论对成都市郫都区宝华村的案例分析
Grassroots Governance in Rural Collective-owned Commercial Construction Land Transaction: A Case Study on Baohua Village, Pidu District, Chengdu City Based on Grounding Theory
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  集体经营性建设用地  农村基层治理  村民自治  法治  德治  集体产权制度改革
英文关键词:rural collective-owned commercial construction land  rural grassroots governance  villager autonomy-based governance  law-based governance  virtue-based governance  collective property rights system reform
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作者单位
杨人豪,杨庆媛,冯一泰 1.荷语鲁汶大学 地球与环境科学学院比利时 鲁汶 30002.西南大学 地理科学学院重庆 4007153.成都市郫都区新经济和科技局四川 成都 611730 
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中文摘要:
      农村集体经营性建设用地入市是促进要素配置市场化和盘活农村土地资源的重要举措,各地的改革实践中村两委和集体资产管理公司分别在治理过程和交易流程中发挥核心作用,且两者通常融为一体,形成以“村两委—集体资产管理公司”为核心的横纵交错的“十”字基层治理结构。基于扎根理论对成都市郫都区宝华村的调研分析发现,其集体经营性建设用地入市的基层治理以“村两委—集体资产管理公司”为核心,自治、法治、德治相结合,形成全域治理体系:以自治为基础,治理手段科学性与艺术性并重;以法治为根本,入市交易从隐形流转到有法可依、有章可循;以德治为引领,地方精英通过“优生带差生”“党员带群众”等推动集体经营性建设用地入市。应以深化农村集体产权制度改革为契机,通过村民自治进一步夯实和发挥村两委与集体资产管理公司的核心作用;以土地管理法和自然资源、农村农业等相关部门出台的规章制度为准绳,通过法治进一步规范各主体行为和各环节流程;以培育和引导新乡贤为抓手,通过德治进一步发挥和强化家庭条件较好、威望较高的乡村精英的示范作用。
英文摘要:
      Rural collective-owned commercial construction land transaction is an important method to boost the factor allocation marketization and to activate rural land resources, in the practice and reform of all places, two village committees and collective assets management company (VC-CAMC) play a core role in governance process and transaction process respectively, and VC and CAMC are usually integrated to form a cross structure with VC-CAMC as the link and horizontal and vertical structure. Based on grounding theory, the survey and analysis of Baohua Village, Pidu District, Chengdu City find that the grassroots governance for its collective-owned commercial construction land transaction takes its VC-CAMC as the core, combines “autonomy-based”, “law-based” and “virtue-based” ways to form holistic governance system, takes autonomy-based governance as the basis to form scientific and artistic governance method, takes law-based governance as the essence to make the transaction from implicit transfer to legal transaction, and takes virtue-based governance as the guidance, as a result, the local elites use “advanced villagers to lead backward villagers” and “the Party members to lead the masses” and so on to promote the land transaction. We should take the advantage of deepening rural collective property right system reform to further tamp VC-CAMC and let VC-CAMC play a core role, take land management laws and the regulations issued by the departments of natural resources and agricultures as well as villages as the standard to further standardize each main body’s behaviours and each step process, take the cultivation and guidance of new solons as the grapple to further bring into fully play the modelling of the rural elites with good family condition and higher prestige by using virtue-based governance.
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