朱建田,何艳霞.大数据:重塑“新计划经济”还是完善社会主义市场经济?[J].西部论坛,2020,30(5):13-21
大数据:重塑“新计划经济”还是完善社会主义市场经济?
Big Data:Reshape the "New Planned Economy" or Improve the Socialist Market Economy?
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  大数据  新计划经济  社会主义市场经济  数据拜物教  宏观调控
英文关键词:big data  new planned economy  socialist market economy  data fetishism  macroeconomic regulation
基金项目:
作者单位
朱建田,何艳霞 西华师范大学 马克思主义学院四川 南充 637002 
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中文摘要:
      肇端于1960年代的“新计划经济论”经历了一个从“计算机社会主义”到“大数据社会主义”的发展过程,其基本理论信条是“算法为王”,即借助信息技术来实现社会主义生产的计划化。此信条在今天的典型表达是:大数据使整个经济生活呈现出一种可视化图景,“看不见的手”已然清晰可辨。大数据时代背景下的“新计划经济”论虽然持有对“市场”的承诺,却把经济计划全然奠立于大数据基础上,并由此提出全面恢复计划手段的实践构想,从而陷入否定“市场”也即否定大数据存在根基的理论境地。走出“数据拜物教”迷雾可以看到,大数据不能重塑“新计划经济”,但有助于完善社会主义市场经济:作为宏观调控的新工具,大数据能促成“市场更加有效”与“政府更加有为”的双赢格局。
英文摘要:
      The theory of "new planned economy", which began in the 1960s, has experienced a development process from "computer socialism" to "big data socialism". Its basic theoretical creed is that "algorithm is the king", i.e., the planning of socialist production can be realized by the means of information technology. The typical expression of this creed today is that big data makes the entire economic life a visual picture, and that the "invisible hand" is clearly identifiable. Although today's "new planned economy" theorists hold the promise of "market", they have completely laid the economic plan on the basis of big data, and thus proposed the practical concept of comprehensive recovery of planning means, so that they fall into market-denial theoretical situation, i.e., denying the existence of the basis of big data. Going out of the "data fetishism" fog, we can see that big data can't reshape the "new planned economy", but it helps to improve the socialist market economy: as a new tool for macroeconomic regulation, big data can promote a win-win situation of "more effective market" and "more effective government".
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