贺汉魂.马克思增进人民幸福的财富生产正义思想研究[J].西部论坛,2020,30(5):1-12
马克思增进人民幸福的财富生产正义思想研究
Research on Marx’s Thoughts of Increasing People’s Happiness Through Wealth Production Justice
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  马克思  财富  生产正义  劳动  劳动者
英文关键词:Marx  wealth  production justice  working  labor
基金项目:
作者单位
贺汉魂 湖南第一师范学院 马克思主义学院湖南 长沙 421008 
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中文摘要:
      马克思的劳动价值论实际上论证了财富由劳动者获取才合正义。马克思认为劳动工具因劳动而为工具,劳动对象因劳动而为对象,按正义要求,劳动工具与劳动对象应由劳动者获取,至于最原始的生产条件,如土地,应由与此共生之人群获取,即应由部落、民族、国家的人民共有。马克思认为劳动的根本意义决定了劳动既是劳动者的基本人权,也是有劳动能力者应履行的基本义务,劳动权利、义务及公正分配是财富生产主体正义的实质所在。马克思指出劳动是人类出于一定动机,经过一定过程,生产出一定财富的活动,财富生产本身正义的基本要求是劳动动因(目的与动机)及过程合正义。马克思财富生产正义论的精神实质是劳动正义,根本旨趣是增进人民的幸福。
英文摘要:
      Marx’s labor value theory practically demonstrated that the wealth which was obtained by labor was justifiable. Marx believed that working tools became the tools because of labor and that object of labor became the object because of labor, therefore, according to the justice, working tools and object of labor should be received by labors, the most primitive production conditions such as land should be obtained by the people in symbiosis with them and should be shared by tribes, nationalities and nation. Marx believed that the basic meaning of working determined that the working was both the basic human right of labors and the basic obligation which should be implemented by the labors and that working rights, obligation and fair wealth distribution embodied the essences of the main body justice of wealth production. Marx pointed out that working is the activities of human beings because of certain motive, after some processes and for producing some wealth, as a result, the basic requirement of the justice for wealth production itself is the cause of labor (aim and motive) and the processes which contain the justice. The spiritual essence of Marx’s wealth production justice theory is working justice and its basic intention is to enhance people’s happiness.
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