郑沃林.土地产权稳定能促进农户绿色生产行为吗?——以广东省确权颁证与农户采纳测土配方施肥技术为例证[J].西部论坛,2020,30(3):51-61
土地产权稳定能促进农户绿色生产行为吗?——以广东省确权颁证与农户采纳测土配方施肥技术为例证
Can Land Property Rights Stability Boost Farmers’ Green Production Behavior?: Take Guangdong’s Land Titling and Formula Fertilization by Soil Testing Technology as an Example
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  产权稳定  剩余权  农业绿色生产行为  确权颁证  测土配方施肥  农地流转
英文关键词:property right stability  surplus right  agricultural green production behavior  confirmation and certification  formula fertilization method  agricultural land transfer
基金项目:
作者单位
郑沃林 华南农业大学 经济管理学院广东 广州 510642 
摘要点击次数: 1525
全文下载次数: 71
中文摘要:
      土地产权趋于稳定将强化农户的剩余控制权和剩余索取权,进而激励农户改进农业生产行为,但这种激励具有情景依赖性:由于农户进行农业生产经营的能力和目的不同,并不是所有的农户都会因此而改进农业生产行为。采用2018年广东省“千村调研”数据,分析确权颁证对农户采纳测土配方施肥技术的影响,结果表明:农地确权颁证虽然赋予农户实现农地价值的剩余权,但能否促进农户采纳测土配方施肥技术还取决于农户自身的获益能力和收益本身的效用。如果农户缺乏实现农业生产超额利润的能力(低收入农户),即使土地产权趋向稳定,也难以产生采纳测土配方施肥技术的动力;如果实现农地价值的最优方式是“他用”而非“自用”,即使采纳测土配方施肥技术会带来农业生产超额利润,农户也不会积极采纳;如果农户具有实现农业超额利润的能力(高收入农户)和预期(以农业为主业的农户),则确权颁证会促进其采纳测土配方施肥技术。农地确权颁证对农户绿色生产行为的促进有着情景依赖性,因而,在农地确权颁证的同时要完善农地流转制度,通过土地产权稳定和流转稳定的双重激励更有效地促进农业生产经营主体积极施行绿色生产行为。
英文摘要:
      That land property rights tend to stabilize will enhance the surplus controlling right and surplus claim right of the farmers and further encourage the farmers to improve agricultural production behaviors, however, this kind of encouragement has situational dependence. Because the ability and the objective for the farmers to conduct agricultural production are different, not all farmers will improve agricultural production behaviors by the encouragement. Using the data of “Qiancun Survey” in Guangdong Province in 2018, this paper analyzes the impact of land property right confirmation and certification on farmers’ using formula fertilization by soil testing technology. The results show that although the confirmation and certification of the property rights of agricultural land confer the surplus right for realizing the agricultural land value on the farmers, whether it boosts the farmers to use the formula fertilization by soil testing technology depends on the self-profitability and the utility of the benefit of the farmers. If the farmers are short of the ability to realize the excess profit of agricultural production (low income farmers), even their land property rights tend to stabilize, they are difficult to adopt the formula fertilization method. If the best scheme for realizing the land value is “others use” but not “self use”, even if the formula fertilization method can bring the excess profit of agricultural production, the farmers are not active to adopt it. If the farmers have the ability to realize excess profit of agricultural production (high income farmers) and expect (the farmers taking agriculture as the main industry), the confirmation and certification of the land property rights can promote them to use the formula fertilization method. The promotion of the confirmation and certification of the agricultural land on the green production behavior of the farmers has situational dependence, therefore, the agricultural land transfer system should be perfected while the property rights of the land are confirmed and certified. The green production behavior can be actively implemented by more effectively encouraging agricultural production and management main body through the double-encouragement of the land property rights stability and the land transfer stability.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭
《西部论坛》编辑部 版权所有
地址:中国 重庆市 南岸区学府大道19号,重庆工商大学学术期刊社 邮编:400067
电话:023-62769479 传真:
您是第1452404位访客
关注微信二维码