曹清峰,倪鹏飞.中国城市体系的层级结构与城市群发展——基于城市全球竞争力、全球联系度及辐射能力的分析[J].西部论坛,2020,30(2):45-56
中国城市体系的层级结构与城市群发展——基于城市全球竞争力、全球联系度及辐射能力的分析
The Structure and Rank of China’s Urban System and Development of Urban Clusters: Analysis Based on Urban Global Competence, Global Connectivity and Radiation Capacity
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  城市体系  城市群  中心城市  层级结构  全球城市  全球竞争力  全球联系度  辐射能力  扩散效应
英文关键词:urban system  urban agglomeration  central city  hierarchy structure  global cities  global competitiveness  global connectivity  radiation capacity  diffusion effect
基金项目:
作者单位
曹清峰,倪鹏飞 1.天津财经大学 现代经济管理研究院,天津 3002222.中国社会科学院 财经战略研究院北京 100028 
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中文摘要:
      中国城市与世界经济的联系日益紧密,有必要以全球城市为坐标系考察中国城市体系结构。以全球1007个城市为总体样本,基于全球竞争力和全球联系度分析中国292个样本城市的层级结构,结果表明:中国城市的全球竞争力差异较大,大部分城市的全球联系度较低,不存在扁平化趋势;中国已经形成多中心多层级的城市体系,具有明显的四级金字塔层级结构,但大部分中心城市的辐射能力较弱;大部分主要城市已经被纳入各城市群的次级城市体系中,但中心城市在各城市群中的分布不均衡,多中心城市群与单中心城市群并存,并表现出“纺锤型城”“哑铃型”和“金字塔型”三种形态的城市层级结构。城市群的发展成为中国城市体系演进的具体形态和主要推动力量,应充分发挥中心城市的扩散和聚集作用,以城市群内部的一体化发展和城市群间的协同发展构建协调发展的城市体系,进而促进整体区域协调发展。
英文摘要:
      China’s urban system is increasingly connected with the world, therefore, it is necessary to examine the new features of China’s urban system from a global perspective. From the perspective of urban competitiveness, this paper calculates the global connectivity of 292 cities in China to 1,007 cities worldwide based on the gravity model. The study finds that the difference of the global competence of China’s cities is bigger, China’s urban system does not have a flattening trend and most cities have low global connections; China’s urban system has formed a multi-center new structure consisting of 68 central cities, but most of the central cities have weak capacity of radiation and lack of agglomeration; China’s urban system has emerged a new class of urban clusters radiated by the central cities. There coexist both multi-center urban agglomerations and single-center urban agglomerations, there are three-shape urban structures such as “spindle-type cities”, “dumbbell-type cities” and “pyramidal-type cities”. The urban agglomeration development becomes the real shape and the main boosting capacity of China’s urban system evolution. Therefore, China should sufficiently let central cities play a role in their diffusion and aggregation, use the integrated development of the internal urban agglomerations and the coordinated development between the urban agglomerations to construct the coordinated developmental urban system and further boost the coordinated development of the total regions.
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