江剑平,葛晨晓,朱雪纯.国有经济与民营经济协同发展的理论依据与实践路径[J].西部论坛,2020,30(2):34-44
国有经济与民营经济协同发展的理论依据与实践路径
Theoretical Basis and Practical Path of the Coordinated Development of State-owned Economy and Private Economy
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  国有经济  民营经济  国有资本  民营资本  国有企业  民营企业  生产社会化  社会主义初级阶段  市场失灵
英文关键词:state-owned economy  private economy  state-owned capital  private capital  state-owned enterprise  private enterprise  socialization of production  initial stage of socialism  market failure
基金项目:
作者单位
江剑平,葛晨晓,朱雪纯 湘潭大学 商学院湖南 湘潭 411105 
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中文摘要:
      “市场失灵”只能为资本主义国家发展有限的国有经济提供理论依据,“生产社会化”是生产资料公有制替代私有制的生产力基础,“社会主义初级阶段”的生产力水平要求我国在社会主义市场经济体制下实现公有制为主体、多种所有制经济共同发展。因此,国有经济与民营经济的协同发展要以发挥国有经济的主导作用和市场经济体制为前提,既要遵循市场经济的一般规律,更要充分发挥我国国家制度和国家治理体系的显著优势。国有经济与民营经济协同发展的实践必须以习近平中国特色社会主义经济思想为指导,以解放和发展生产力为根本目标,通过市场机制实现国有资本和企业与民营资本和企业的资源配置协同,通过发展混合所有制经济实现国有资本与民营资本的产品供给协同,通过优化市场环境实现国有企业与民营企业的产业发展协同,进而充分发挥国有经济和民营经济各自的比较优势,完善社会主义现代化经济体系,不断提高生产社会化程度和经济发展质量。
英文摘要:
      The “market failure” can only provide the theoretical basis for capitalist countries to develop the limited state-owned economy, “production socialization” is the productivity basis for production material public ownership to replace private ownership, the productivity level at “the initial stage of socialism” requires China to realize the mutual development of multi-ownership economies by taking public ownership as the lead under socialism market economy. Therefore, the coordinated development of state-owned economy and private economy should take the premise of bringing the leading role of state-owned economy and market economy system into fully play by following the general law of market economy and by sufficiently embodying the obvious advantage of China’s national system and national governance system. The practice of the coordinated development of state-owned economy and private economy must be guided by Xi Jinping’s Thoughts on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, be orientated by productivity liberation and development, use market mechanism to realize the resources allocation coordination of state-owned capital and enterprises and private capital and enterprises, realize the products supply coordination of state-owned capital and private capital by developing the mixed ownership, optimize market environment to realize the industrial development coordination of state-owned enterprises and private enterprises, and further sufficiently bring each comparative advantage of state-owned economy and private economy into fully play to perfect socialism modernization economy system and to continuously promote production socialization degree and economic development quality.
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