王曙光,郭凯.在国家干预的国际技术贸易体制下中国的技术进步之路[J].西部论坛,2020,30(2):26-33
在国家干预的国际技术贸易体制下中国的技术进步之路
China’s Technical Progress Road under China Meddled International Technology Trade System
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  技术进步  技术贸易  技术引进  自主研发  技术创新
英文关键词:technical progress  technical trade  technical introduction  self-R&D; technical innovation
基金项目:
作者单位
王曙光,郭凯 北京大学 经济学院北京100871 
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中文摘要:
      尖端技术领域“卡脖子”问题是我国在大国崛起过程中技术创新和技术贸易战略中遭遇的最大问题。技术贸易是欠发达国家实现技术进步的有效方法之一,但是构建技术贸易体系决策不仅需要考虑各类引进技术对欠发达国家技术进步转化效率的影响,也需要考虑作为技术输出国的发达国家对欠发达国家技术引进的干预。本文通过构建国家干预下的技术贸易模型,从理论上探讨了欠发达国家的技术引进在发达国家干预下的制约因素以及依赖技术贸易体制下的技术进步必然存在的瓶颈。在此基础上,结合中国70年技术贸易的历史经验,从技术引进的层次性、有效利用市场换技术的方法以及技术贸易体制的转型这三个方面对技术贸易体制的建设进行了探讨。针对技术贸易体制必然存在技术增长瓶颈的问题,从国企、中小企业以及技术贸易模式转变三个层面对我国如何实现技术进步路径由依赖技术贸易向自主研发提出了战略思考。
英文摘要:
      The preventing China from getting the most advanced technologies is the biggest problem in the technological innovation and technical trade war in the process of the rise of China. Technical trade is one of the effective methods for less-developed countries to realize technical progress, however, the construction of technical trade system decision should not only consider the influence of all kinds of technical introduction on the transformation rate of technical progress of less-developed countries but also consider the intervening of technical export countries on less-developed countries. Based on the construction of technical trade model under China’s intervene, this paper theoretically discusses the restrictive factors of technical introduction of the less-developed countries under nation-meddled and the necessity bottleneck of technical progress under the dependent technical trade system. Based on that, by combining 70 years technical trade history experience of China, the paper discusses the technical trade system construction from such three perspectives as technical introduction hierarchy, effective methods using the market to exchange technologies and the transformation of technical trade system, and advances the strategic ideas for how China realizes the technical progress path from technical trade dependence to self-research and development from three levels such as state-owned enterprises, small and medium-sized enterprises and technical trade model transformation according to the problem that technical trade system necessarily has technical growth bottleneck.
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