程恩富,罗玉辉.中国特色社会主义制度优势和国家治理任务——由抗击“新冠肺炎”重大疫情引起的思考与建言[J].西部论坛,2020,30(2):1-10
中国特色社会主义制度优势和国家治理任务——由抗击“新冠肺炎”重大疫情引起的思考与建言
Institutional Advantage of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics and National Governance Task: Thinking and Opinions Based on Resisting Corona Virus Disease 2019
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  新冠肺炎  重大疫情  医疗卫生  制度优势  国家治理
英文关键词:corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19)  epidemic outbreak  health care  institutional advantage  national governance
基金项目:
作者单位
程恩富,罗玉辉 1.中国社会科学院大学北京 1024882.中国农业大学 马克思主义学院北京 100083 
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中文摘要:
      本文在梳理关于“新冠肺炎”疫情发生和蔓延的若干观点的基础上,阐述抗击“新冠肺炎”疫情彰显的我国制度优势:一是党对抗击疫情的统一领导显示中国特色社会主义制度的政治优势,二是公立医院再现“以人民为中心”“全心全意为人民服务”的底色,三是国有企业发挥“国之脊梁、民族希望”的重大作用,四是“两山”医院展现“社会主义集中力量办大事”的制度优势,五是“封城封省”发扬中华民族“牺牲小我保全大我”的气节。以此次疫情为鉴,未来在国家治理方面应高度重视以下几方面任务:一是重视生物安全,保卫中华民族健康发展;二是加强食品安全法治建设,严厉打击捕食野生动物违法行为;三是增强地方政府快速应急能力,完善高效勤政的防控突发公共卫生事件国家治理体制;四是理直气壮做强做优做大国有企业,充分发挥国有经济的主导作用;五是继续保持医疗卫生系统“姓公姓社”的本色,强化社会主义性质的公共医疗卫生事业。
英文摘要:
      Based on several opinions on the emergence and spread of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), this paper discusses China’s institutional advantages revealed in resisting COVID-19. Firstly, the united leadership of the Party for resisting the epidemic demonstrates the political advantage of socialism institution with Chinese characteristics. Secondly, public hospitals do their basic duty of serving the people heart and soul. Thirdly, state-owned enterprises play an important role of “national hope”. Fourthly, the construction of Leishenshan Hospital and Huoshenshan Hospital reveals the institutional advantage for socialism to do great work by centralizing powers. Fifthly, sealing off the city and province embodies the integrity of Chinese nation for sacrificing individual family to save more families. On the basis of the experience from this epidemic situation, in the future, China should pay attention to the following tasks, firstly, China should emphasize biological safety to protect the healthy development of Chinese nation; secondly, China should strengthen the legal construction of food safety to seriously strike the illegal behaviors for hunting and eating wild animals; thirdly, China should boost the rapid emergency capability of local governments by perfecting the national governance system for efficiently preventing and controlling the unexpected health events; fourthly, China should confidently make the state-owned enterprises stronger, more excellent and bigger to let the state-owned enterprises play the leading role; fifthly, China should continue to keep the public and socialism feature of medical and health system to strengthen the socialism property of public medical health cause.
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