周五七,陶靓.环境规制影响中国劳动力就业的区域异质性——基于产业结构门槛效应的实证检验[J].西部论坛,2020,30(1):100-110
环境规制影响中国劳动力就业的区域异质性——基于产业结构门槛效应的实证检验
Regional Difference of the Impact of Environmental Regulation on the Employment of Chinese Labor Force: Empirical Test Based on the Threshold Effect of Industrial Structure
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  环境规制  劳动力就业  产业结构  就业挤压效应  就业创造效应  劳动力再配置
英文关键词:environmental regulation  labor employment  industrial structure  employment extrusion effect  employment creation effect  labor reallocation
基金项目:
作者单位
周五七,陶靓 江南大学 商学院江苏 无锡 214122 
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中文摘要:
      环境规制影响劳动力就业的路径和作用机制较为复杂,实践结果具有不确定性和区域异质性。基于2003—2017年中国省际面板数据,构建以产业结构为门槛变量的面板门槛模型,分析表明:环境规制对中国劳动力就业存在非线性影响;从整体来看存在双门槛效应,当产业结构水平跨越第二门槛值后,环境规制对劳动力就业的影响由负转正;从区域比较来看,目前大多数沿海省份产业结构水平已经跨越门槛值,增强环境规制对劳动力就业有积极的促进作用,但大多数内陆省份产业结构水平尚未跨越门槛值,增强环境规制会对当地劳动力就业产生负面影响。因此,需要以发展和前瞻的眼光来看待环境规制,防范和减少环境规制的就业风险;根据不同地区产业结构水平精准施政,合理引导环境规制下的劳动力再配置;积极施政引导劳动力技能提升和劳动力空间流动,实现环境规制在环保和就业方面的“双重红利”。
英文摘要:
      The path and acting mechanism for the impact of environmental regulation on labor employment are complex, and its practical results have uncertainty and regional difference. Based on the 2003-2017 Chinese provincial panel data, the panel threshold model is constructed with industrial structure as a threshold variable, and the threshold effect of environmental regulation on labor employment is systematically studied. The analysis shows that there is nonlinear impact of environmental regulation on Chinese labor employment, that there are double threshold effects as a whole, that the influence of environmental regulation on labor employment becomes positive from negative when industrial structure level steps across the value of the second threshold, however, the industrial structure level of the majority of coastal provinces does not step across the threshold value, as a result, the increase of environmental regulation will produce negative impact on local labor employment. Thus, We should treat environmental regulation with a development and forward-looking perspective to prevent and reduce the employment risk of environmental regulation. The “double dividends” between environmental protection and employment of environmental regulation can be obtained by accurate administration according to industrial structure level of different places, by reasonably guiding reallocation of the labor under environmental regulation and by actively using policies to raise the skills of the labor and to boost the flowing of labor space.
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