杨燕.从学习追赶到再造优势:制造业后发企业的技术进步路径——以企业为核心主体的理论框架与中国经验[J].西部论坛,2020,30(1):64-77
从学习追赶到再造优势:制造业后发企业的技术进步路径——以企业为核心主体的理论框架与中国经验
From Learning Pursuit to Remanufacturing Advantage: Technical Progress Path for Latecomer anufacturing Enterprises: Enterprise-centered Theoretical Framework and China Experience
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  制造业  技术学习追赶  再造优势  技术进步路径  技术创新  技术引进  自主创新  二次创新
英文关键词:manufacturing industry  technical learning pursuit  remanufacturing advantage  technical progress path  technical innovation  technical introduction  self-innovation  reinnovation
基金项目:
作者单位
杨燕 1.中共四川省委党校 决策咨询部四川 成都 6100722.奥尔堡大学 规划与发展系丹麦 奥尔堡 DK-9220 
摘要点击次数: 104
全文下载次数: 45
中文摘要:
      后发企业的技术学习追赶行为包括策略制定、路径选择和研发努力等,其具体行为选择由内部、外部环境及偶发事件交织形成的国别情景和时代背景决定,其实践成效则是环境条件和行为选择共同作用的结果。对中国发电设备制造业及其三个支柱性企业(上海电气、哈尔滨电气和东方电气)的经验分析表明,中国制造业企业技术学习追赶行为同质化与异质性并存:同质化主要表现为“以优势资源换技术+技贸结合”的学习追赶策略、“从引进成熟产品技术切入+二次创新”的学习追赶路径和“基于本土市场和国产化率优先考虑制造工艺提升”的研发努力,异质性主要在于技术引进方式和学习追赶节奏及成效等具有差异性。中国制造业企业技术学习追赶的同质化源于共同的中国情景和时代背景,异质性则主要是受企业高层远见和企业家精神、引进技术的属性以及偶发事件的影响。新时代的中国情景有利于制造业企业从技术学习向自主创新转变,进而实现从“跟跑”到“并跑”“领跑”的跨越式技术升级,再造制造业国际竞争优势。从学习追赶到再造优势,政府应为企业创造良好的创新环境和市场环境,以系统协调的创新体系引领技术进步,加强共性关键技术的突破和供给,并建立和完善有效推动企业自主创新的体制机制;企业要消除“市场换技术等于技术创新能力提升”的认识误区,避免侧重于短期绩效目标而忽视自主创新能力的提升。
英文摘要:
      The technical learning pursuit of latecomer enterprises includes strategy making, path selection, R&D work and so on, their real behavior selection is determined by national situation and era background interweaved by external, internal and accidental events, and their practical effect is the result from interactive action of environmental condition and behavioral selection. The empirical analysis based on China’s development of electric equipment and three pillar enterprises (Shanghai Electric Corporation, Harbin Electric Corporation and Dongfang Electric Corporation) reveals that there is coexistence of homogeneity and heterogeneity for technical learning pursuit of Chinese enterprises, the homogeneity is mainly embodied as the learning pursuit strategy of “using advantageous resources to exchange technology plus the combination of technology and trade”, “the introduction of mature product technology plus reinnovation” and R&D work “based on local market and technological upgrading by considering home-made rate preference”, however, the heterogeneity is chiefly embodied as there is difference between technical introduction methods, learning pursuit rhythm and effect. The homogeneity of the technical pursuit of Chinese manufacturing enterprises originates from common China situation and era background, however, the heterogeneity is mainly affected by the foresight of the enterprise executives, entrepreneur spirit, introduced technology attributes and accidental events. The China situation at new era is conducive to manufacturing enterprises changing from technical learning to self-innovation, further realization of “leading position” from “following” to “standing side by side” so as to remanufacture international competence advantage. From learning pursuit to remanufacturing advantage, the governments should create helpful innovation environment and market environment for the enterprises, take systematic and coordinated innovation system to lead technical progress, enhance the breakthrough and supply of common key technologies, effectively push forward the form of self-innovation mechanism of the enterprises, however, the enterprises should eliminate the wrong understanding of that “market exchange of technology equals the technical innovation improvement”, and avoid the emphasis on short-term performance objective to overlook the improvement of self-innovation capacity.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭
《西部论坛》编辑部 版权所有
地址:中国 重庆市 南岸区学府大道19号,重庆工商大学学术期刊社 邮编:400067
电话:023-62769479 传真:
您是第1504032位访客
关注微信二维码