石伟.乡村网格化治理与村民自治的冲突与融合——基于成都Q村网格化治理实践“离土性”的思考[J].西部论坛,2019,29(6):44-52
乡村网格化治理与村民自治的冲突与融合——基于成都Q村网格化治理实践“离土性”的思考
Conflict and Fusion: Dual Paradox and Transition of Grid Governance and Rural Autonomy: Based on the Field Experience of Q Village in Chengdu
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  网格化治理  乡村社会  乡村治理  村民自治  治理技术  城乡二元结构
英文关键词:grid governance  rural society  rural governance  villager autonomy  governance technology  urban-rural dual structure
基金项目:
作者单位
石伟 华东理工大学 社会与公共管理学院上海 200237 
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中文摘要:
      为促进国家治理体系现代化,各地不断创新社会治理方式,其中网格化治理是将现代治理技术应用于城乡社区治理的典型模式之一。然而,在中国城乡二元结构下,城乡治理资源和治理需求存在显著差异,将适用于城市社区的网格化治理直接植入式地运用于乡村治理体系中,将带来治理技术与治理基础的冲突。成都市Q村在推进网格化治理的实践中存在形式化和冗余性等问题,表明网格化治理难以在乡村社会落地(即具有“离土性”)。邻里相知的熟人社会、守望相助的生活逻辑、均衡稳定的社会结构以及内生自治的村庄公共性等决定了村民自治是中国传统乡村社会最为适宜的治理方式,要使网格化等现代治理技术在乡村落地,必须坚持乡村治理的自治属性,提升治理技术的内生性,实现治理技术与村民自治的融合,协同推进乡村治理现代化和乡村社会现代化。
英文摘要:
      In order to boost the modernization of national governance system, all parts of China continue to innovate social governance methods, among which grid governance is one of typical models of the application of modern governance technology to urban-rural community governance, however, under urban-rural dual structure of China, there is significant difference in governance resources and governance demand between urban and rural areas, the directly embedding of the grid governance suitable for urban communities into the governance system of villages will bring conflict between governance technology and governance basis. In the practice of promoting grid governance, the Q Village of Chengdu has the problems such as formalism and redundancy and so on, which indicates that grid governance is difficult to be used in the villages (i.e., externalism). Villagers autonomy is the best suitable governance method in traditional China’s rural society, which is determined by the acquaintance society with friendly neighbors, by the life logic with neighbors helping each other, by the social structure with balance and stability, by the public relation in a village with endogenous autonomy and so on. In order to apply modern governance technologies such as grid governance to village governance, the governments must stick to the autonomy attribute of rural governance, promote the endogenicity of governance technologies, realize the integration between governance technology and villagers autonomy, and collaboratively boost the modernization of rural governance and rural society.
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