张筱璐.资本积累、工业化与劳动报酬占比演变——政治经济学分析和中国经验考察[J].西部论坛,2019,29(6):8-15
资本积累、工业化与劳动报酬占比演变——政治经济学分析和中国经验考察
The Evolution of Capital Accumulation, Industrialization and Working Wage Proportion: A Political Economic Analysis and the Examination on China’s Experience
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  劳动报酬占比  资本积累  相对人口过剩  劳动力价值  劳动力需求  资本有机构成  生产效率  农业经济地位
英文关键词:ratio of employee’s compensation in GDP  capital accumulation  relative surplus population  value of laborer  demand of laborer  organic composition of capital  production efficiency  agricultural economy position
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作者单位
张筱璐 重庆工商大学 经济学院重庆 400067 
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中文摘要:
      在马克思主义政治经济学框架下,劳动报酬占比是新创造价值中劳动力价值的份额,资本积累是劳动报酬占比大小及其演变的主导因素。长期来看,相对于人口的资本规模扩大会增加劳动力需求从而有利于劳动报酬的提高,但在资本积累过程中资本有机构成的提高会降低劳动力价值并创造相对过剩人口,使得劳动报酬占比总体上趋于下降。经验分析表明,处于工业化进程中的中国的劳动报酬占比主要受资本积累规模、经济生产效率、农业经济地位以及区域工资历史水平等因素的影响;其中,人均资本存量和第一产业增加值占GDP比重的变化幅度在2008—2010年左右发生较大转折,促使中国劳动报酬占比在2011年左右开始从下降趋势转变为上升趋势。
英文摘要:
      From the perspective of Marxism political economics, the ratio of employee’s compensation is the proportion of the value of laborer in the new produced value, or the proportion of paid time in whole working time, and the scale and its move is decided mainly by capital accumulation. In the long run, the increasing of capital quantity inclines to enhance the demand of laborer and ratio of employee’s compensation, but at the same time, the organic composition of capital keeps rising and the value of laborer is lowering while producing relative surplus population,which results in the ratio of employee’s compensation decreasing as a whole. The experience analysis shows that China’s laborer compensation ratio in the process of industrialization is affected by many factors such as capital accumulation scale, economic production efficiency, agricultural economy position and the historic level of regional compensation and so on, and that the changing extent of these factors greatly changes about in 2008—2010, which make the compensation ratio of China’s laborers gradually change from downward to upward.
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