宋瑛,张海涛,廖甍.环境规制抑制了技术创新吗?——基于中国装备制造业的异质性检验[J].西部论坛,2019,29(5):114-124
环境规制抑制了技术创新吗?——基于中国装备制造业的异质性检验
Does Environmental Regulation Inhibit Technological Innovation: An Empirical Heterogeneity Test Based on China’s Equipment Manufacturing Industry
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  环境规制  技术创新  装备制造业  异质性检验
英文关键词:environmental regulation  technological innovation  equipment manufacturing industry  heterogeneity test
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作者单位
宋瑛,张海涛,廖甍 1.重庆工商大学 长江上游研究中心重庆 4000672.东北财经大学 工商管理学院辽宁 大连 1160253.重庆师范大学 经济与管理学院重庆 400047 
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中文摘要:
      本文研究了环境规制与技术创新的关系问题,在理论分析的基础上构建动态面板模型,基于2005至2016年中国装备制造业七个细分行业的面板数据,采用系统GMM方法实证考察了环境规制对技术创新的影响。研究发现,从全国层面分析,环境规制与装备制造业技术创新之间呈现先下降后上升的“U”型动态特征;环境规制会抑制外商资本、企业规模和人力资本对技术创新产生的促进作用。从区域层面分析,环境规制对装备制造业区域技术创新的影响存在区域异质性:环境规制对装备制造业技术创新的影响仅在全国和东部地区呈现“U”型特征,在中部地区对技术创新具有抑制作用,而在西部地区则对技术创新有显著正向影响。
英文摘要:
      To study the relationship between environmental regulation and regional technological innovation, by using the panel data of seven sub-sectors of equipment manufacturing industry in China’s 31 provinces and municipalities from 2005 to 2016, the system GMM model was used to empirically study the impact of environmental regulation on technological innovation on the basis of dynamic panel model after theoretical analysis. The study finds that, from a national level analysis, there is a “U”-type dynamic feature that first declines and then rises between environmental regulation and technological innovation in equipment manufacturing. And environmental regulation inhibits the promotion effect of foreign capital, enterprise scale and human capital on technological innovation. From regional level, however, there is regional heterogeneity in the impact of environmental regulation on regional technological innovation of the equipment manufacturing industry. The impact of environmental regulation on technological innovation in equipment manufacturing industry only presents “U”-type characteristics in the whole country and in the east area, and has inhibiting effect on technological innovation in the central region while it has a significant positive impact on technological innovation in the west area.
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