胡超.全面开放新格局下中国边境经济合作区转型升级研究[J].西部论坛,2019,29(5):65-74
全面开放新格局下中国边境经济合作区转型升级研究
Research on Transformation and Upgrading of China’s Border Economic Cooperation Zone under New Pattern of Overall Opening up
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  边境经济合作区  沿边地区  “一带一路”  全面开放新格局  园区管委会  资源型产业  营商软环境  边境贸易
英文关键词:border economic cooperation zone  border area  “the Belt and Road”  new pattern of overall opening up  zone supervision committee  resources-style industry  business soft environment  border trade
基金项目:
作者单位
胡超 广西民族大学 商学院广西 南宁 530006 
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中文摘要:
      中国于1992年起在沿边地区先后批准设立了18个国家级边境经济合作区,以撬动和带动沿边地区经济开放和发展,并促进毗邻国家的开放合作。经过基础设施建设、招商引资和创新示范,边境经济合作区建设取得了显著成效,但其进一步发展面临管理体制、产业体系和营商软环境等方面的制约。在新时代以“一带一路”建设为重点推动形成全面开放新格局背景下,边境经济合作区需要通过由派出机构管理向建制市演变的管理体制改革、以资源型产业可持续发展为基础的产业体系优化、以边境口岸城镇化和边境贸易为载体的营商软环境完善等实现全面转型升级,有条件的边境经济合作区还应积极探索向双边跨境经济合作区转型升级。
英文摘要:
      Since 1992, China has established 18 border economic cooperation zones in the border areas to drive and incite economic opening up along the border areas, to promote open cooperation and institutional docking between neighboring countries, and to achieve mutual benefit and win-win results. After infrastructure construction, invitation of investment, innovation and setting example, the significant achievements in the border economic cooperation zone have been made, however, its further development has been restricted by management system, industrial system and business environment and so on. Under the background of overall opening up promoted by the Belt and Road at new era, the border economic cooperation zone should realize overall transformation and upgrading by the evolution from agency management to organizational city, by industrial system optimization based on sustainable development of resources-style industry, and by perfecting business environment through the carrier of the urbanization of border ports. Furthermore, the border economic cooperation zones with better conditions should actively explore the transformation and upgrading towards cross-border zones.
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