钟晓萍,吕亚荣,王晓睿.是集体成员权优先还是私人财产权优先?——基于农村集体资产股份权能改革试点的观察[J].西部论坛,2019,29(5):33-44
是集体成员权优先还是私人财产权优先?——基于农村集体资产股份权能改革试点的观察
Is Collective Member Right Priority or Private Assets Right Priority:Observations from the Reform of the Collective Assets and Share Rights
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  集体所有制  集体成员  成员权优先  财产权优先  集体资产股份权能改革  农村集体产权制度改革  股份合作制  现代产权制度
英文关键词:collective ownership  collective member  member right priority  assets right priority  collective assets share rights reform  rural collective property system reform  share cooperation system  modern property right system
基金项目:
作者单位
钟晓萍,吕亚荣,王晓睿 中国人民大学 农业与农村发展学院北京 100872 
摘要点击次数: 63
全文下载次数: 56
中文摘要:
      我国农村集体所有制本质上具有集体成员权优先逻辑,要坚持农村集体所有制、发展壮大农村集体经济,农村集体产权制度改革就应坚持集体成员权优先的原则。对部分农村集体资产股份权能改革试点地区的考察发现,一些地方在股权时限上进行静态管理、允许内部无限制的股份转让和赠予以及未限制非集体成员继承股份,实际上偏离了集体成员权优先逻辑,偏向了西方现代产权理论的私人财产权优先逻辑,可能导致集体经济演变成为私有经济。出现上述问题的根源在于对集体所有制的本质认识不足。应以户籍和生产生活关系为主要标准界定农村集体成员,基于农村集体成员的动态性实行集体成员资格和集体资产股权的动态管理;坚持股份转让的社区性和内部转让的限制性,非集体成员可继承的只能是股份内部转让或集体赎回后的变现收益,并对单个成员持有的股份比例设置上限。
英文摘要:
      China’s rural collective ownership essentially has the logic of collective member right priority, therefore, rural collective ownership should be persisted to develop and enlarge the rural collective economy, the reform of rural collective property right system should insist on the principle of collective member right priority. Based on the examining the pilot area of partial rural collective assets share right reform, this paper finds that, in some places, static state management is conducted on equity time limitation, the inner unlimited share transaction and bestowal are permitted , and the inheritance of the shares of non-collective-member is not limited, which deviate from the logic of collective member right priority practically, which support the western logic of private assets right priority of contemporary equity theory, and which can possibly cause that collective economy is changed into private economy. The root cause for above problem results from insufficiently understanding of the essence of collective ownership. We propose to define the rural collective member identity based on the household register and long-term residence, take into account the dynamic management on collective member identity and collective assets shares based on the dynamics of rural collective members, insist on the community in where the shares are tansacted and in which the shares are not limited, and uphold that what non-collective-member can inherit is only the gain from inner transfer or from collective redeeming and setting up the upper limit for the proportion of shares which individual member hold.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭
《西部论坛》编辑部 版权所有
地址:中国 重庆市 南岸区学府大道19号,重庆工商大学学术期刊社 邮编:400067
电话:023-62769479 传真:
您是第1288790位访客
关注微信二维码