齐秀琳,王鑫.中国农村经济社会组织变迁过程新解及启示(1949—1962)[J].西部论坛,2019,29(5):22-32
中国农村经济社会组织变迁过程新解及启示(1949—1962)
New Explanation and Enlightenment of the Change Process of China's Rural Economic and Social Organizations (1949-1962)
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  农村组织  主导信念  现实约束  乡村振兴战略
英文关键词:rural organization  leading belief  realistic constraint  rural revitalization strategy
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作者单位
齐秀琳,王鑫 1.郑州大学 商学院河南 郑州 4500002.西南财经大学 经济学院四川 成都 610000 
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中文摘要:
      本文为新中国成立伊始至20世纪60年代初的中国农村经济社会组织变迁提供一个政治经济学诠释,并探讨该段历史进程对当下推进乡村振兴战略的启示。在本文框架下,合作化运动与人民公社的建立与调整被视为主导信念与现实之间不断互动、有其内在逻辑的制度变迁过程。传统的劳动互助思想、社会主义信念体系和苏联的榜样作用、源自战争年代的牺牲精神共同构成了推行农业集体化的信念来源。该信念不仅主导了农业合作化运动的不断升级与人民公社制度的发轫和调整,而且在现实的反作用下持续演进。以史为鉴,在实施乡村振兴战略时须充分考虑相关信念分布与主导信念的实现机制、稳中求进、充分重视利益分配问题。
英文摘要:
      This paper provides a political and economic interpretation of the changes of Chinese rural organizations from the beginning of the founding of new China to the early 1960s, and explores the historical process of this section for the current promotion of rural revitalization strategy. Under the framework of this paper, the establishment and adjustment of the cooperative movement and the people's communes are regarded as the process of institutional change that is constantly interacting with the leading beliefs and reality and has its inherent logic. The traditional labor mutual aid thought, the socialist belief system and the role model of the Soviet Union, and the spirit of sacrifice from the war years together constitute the source of belief in the implementation of agricultural collectivization. This belief not only dominates the continuous upgrading of the agricultural cooperative movement and the development and adjustment of the people's commune system, but also continues to evolve under the counteraction of reality. Taking history as a guide, in implementing the rural revitalization strategy, we must fully consider the distribution mechanism of relevant beliefs and leading beliefs, must strive for stability, and pay full attention to the issue of interest distribution.
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