孔祥利.新中国成立70年来中国特色社会主义经济发展战略的演进与探索[J].西部论坛,2019,29(5):7-13
新中国成立70年来中国特色社会主义经济发展战略的演进与探索
Strategic Evolution and Road Exploration for Economic Development of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in Seventy Years since the Founding of New China
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  中国特色社会主义  经济发展战略  变迁  探索
英文关键词:socialism with Chinese characteristics  economic  development strategy  evolution  exploration
基金项目:
作者单位
孔祥利 陕西师范大学 国际商学院陕西 西安 710119 
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中文摘要:
      以站起来——富起来——强起来为时代特征,中国特色社会主义经济发展战略经历了四个时期,即:1949—1958年优先发展重工业的新中国成立初期,1958—1978年提出“四个现代化”的建设探索时期,1978—2012年全面建成小康社会的改革开放时期,2012年至今习近平新时代全面深化改革开放时期。70年来中国特色社会主义经济发展战略的不懈探索和与实践成就,给我们的启示是:经济发展战略的制定与实施,必须坚持党的全面正确坚强领导和中国特色社会主义道路;必须坚持以人民为中心的思想,把经济发展战略的出发点和落脚点放在为了人民、依靠人民、造福人民上;必须坚持立足中国国情,实事求是,尊重客观经济规律;必须坚持把发展生产力和科技创新放在首位,增强经济发展的韧性和自主创新的能力。这是新中国成立70年来关于中国特色社会主义经济发展战略的宝贵经验和财富,是对建设人类命运共同体的中国智慧与巨大贡献。
英文摘要:
      With the era feature of standing up-richness-strength, economic development strategy of the socialism with Chinese characteristics experienced four periods such as 1949-1958, the initial period of the establishment of new China for preferential development of heavy industry, 1958-1978, exploration period for the construction of “four modernizations”, 1978-2012, the reform and opening-up period for the construction of all-round well-being society, 2012-now, Xi Jinping ‘s overall deepening reform and opening-up period at new era. The continuous exploration and practical achievement for economic development strategy of the socialism with Chinese characteristics in seventy years enlighten us that the policy making and implementation for economic development strategy must uphold overall correct strong leadership of the Party and socialist road with Chinese characteristics, must stick to people-centered idea by putting the initial point and staying point of economic development strategy on serving the people, depending on the people and benefitting the people, must insist on China’s reality by seeking the truth and following objective economic laws, and must persist in putting the priority to developing productivity and scientific and technological innovation to enhance the resilience of economic development and the capacity of self-innovation. This is the precious experience and wealth of the economic development strategy of the socialism with Chinese characteristics in seventy years since the founding of new China and is the great contribution and Chinese wisdom for constructing a Community with a Shared Future for Humanity.
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