孙俊芳,鲍玥,颜文廷.人力资本、家庭禀赋、制度环境与农村女性劳动力就近转移——基于江苏省597份调查问卷的分析[J].西部论坛,2019,29(4):88-96
人力资本、家庭禀赋、制度环境与农村女性劳动力就近转移——基于江苏省597份调查问卷的分析
Human Capital,Family Endowment,Institutional Environments and Nearby Transfer of Rural Female Labor:Based on 597 Questionnaires from Jiangsu Province
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  农村劳动力转移  就近转移  农村女性劳动力  农民工返乡创业  人力资本  家庭禀赋  返乡意愿
英文关键词:rural labor transfer  nearby transfer  rural female labor  migrant workers returning home to start business  human capital  family endowment  willingness of migrant worker returning home
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作者单位
孙俊芳,鲍玥,颜文廷 苏州大学 东吴商学院江苏 苏州 215000 
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中文摘要:
      农村女性劳动力转移有利于新型城镇化和工业化的推进,也有利于农民增收和乡村振兴。基于江苏省14个村庄597位农村女性劳动力的调查数据,运用Logit模型分析农村女性劳动力就近转移及其影响因素,研究发现:就近转移已成为农村女性劳动力转移的重要渠道,个人特征、家庭禀赋和制度环境等多重因素对农村女性劳动力就近转移产生影响;受教育程度和家务分担程度的提高、家庭收入和地区经济发展水平的提升以及家人的支持和自身的返乡意愿,均能显著促进农村女性劳动力就近转移。应积极开展农村女性劳动力职业技能培训,促进夫妻合作型家务劳动,优化农村女性创业环境,创造农村女性就业机会,以持续推动我国农村女性劳动力就近转移。
英文摘要:
      Rural female labor transfer is conducive to the promotion of new-style urbanization and industrialization and is helpful to farmer income growth and rural village revitalization. Based on the survey data of 597 rural female labors in 14 villages of Jiangsu Province, this paper uses Logit model to empirically analyze the nearby transfer of rural female labor and its influencing factors. The study finds that the nearby transfer has become an important channel for rural female labor transfer, and that multiple factors including human capital, family endowment and institutional environments have an impact on the nearby transfer of rural female labor, among which, the factors such as education level, family support attitude, housework sharing, family income, the willingness of migrant workers to return home to start business and regional economic development level have positive effects on the nearby transfer of rural female labor; while age, marital status, and whether there are children, adolescents or the elderly in the family are not statistically significant effect on the nearby transfer of the rural female labor. Based on this, this paper proposes to carry out vocational training of rural female labor, boost the house work by the cooperation of husband and wife, optimize the entrepreneurial environment, create rural female employment opportunity, so as to promote the nearby transfer of rural female labor.
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