苏科,黄志亮.底子薄、空间窄、生态弱地区发展中政府—市场角色定位研究——以三峡重庆库区为例[J].西部论坛,2019,29(4):14-28
底子薄、空间窄、生态弱地区发展中政府—市场角色定位研究——以三峡重庆库区为例
Study on Government-market Actor Positioning in the Development of Three Gorges Chongqing Reservoir Area under Triple Constraints
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  三峡库区  发展空间  生态环境  政府角色定位  市场角色定位  资源配置
英文关键词:Three Gorges reservoir area  development space  ecoloyical environment  government actor positioning  market actor positioning  resources allocation
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作者单位
苏科,黄志亮 1.重庆工商大学 长江上游经济研究中心重庆 4000672.重庆电子工程职业学院重庆 401331 
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中文摘要:
      三峡重庆库区在经济社会发展中受到经济底子薄弱、发展空间狭窄和生态环境脆弱三重叠加约束,这是新时代推进西部大开发中必须攻克的难题。破解三重约束叠加难题必须正确定位政府和市场在发展中的角色和地位,具体而言,在当前三峡重庆库区追赶全国人民平均生活水平这一特殊时期,应采取政府主角—市场配角模式,三箭齐发:破解经济底子薄弱难题,必须建立内生动力培育长效机制并推动库区经济高质高速发展;破解发展空间狭窄难题,必须跳出库区,在重庆全域范围内来重构生产力和城乡大格局;破解生态环境脆弱难题,必须由长江中下游生态受益区对三峡地区生态建设进行补偿。同时,要积极育新育大育强市场主体;充分发挥市场在库区微观资源配置中的决定作用。
英文摘要:
      By deeply theoretical analysis and empirical analysis, this paper discusses the leading role and supporting role position of government-market in Chongqing reservoir area of Three Gorges at the special time for Three Gorges reservoir area to catch up average national living level and to solve triple constraints of weak economical foundation, narrow development space and fragile ecological environment in the restricted development zone. Practically, it is necessary to establish a long-term mechanism of endogenous power cultivation and to promote the high-quality and rapid development of the reservoir area in catching up time to make up the restriction, it is necessary to reconstruct productivity and urban-rural pattern in the whole region of Chongqing besides the reservoir area, and it is necessary to be compensated by the benefit areas from the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River for ecological construction. Therefore, the only way to solve the triple constraints problems is to actively cultivate, enlarge and intensify the leading role of market and to sufficiently let market play a decisive role in microcosmic resources allocation in the reservoir area.
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