王曙光.易地扶贫搬迁与反贫困:广西模式研究[J].西部论坛,2019,29(4):1-13
易地扶贫搬迁与反贫困:广西模式研究
Moving Impoverished Population from Poverty Place to Better Place and Anti-poverty: Research on Guangxi Mode
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  易地扶贫搬迁  生态保护  深度贫困  产业扶贫  广西
英文关键词:moving impoverished population from poverty place to better place  ecological protection  deep poverty  industrial poverty alleviation  Guangxi
基金项目:
作者单位
王曙光 北京大学 经济学院北京 100871 
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中文摘要:
      易地扶贫搬迁是在扶贫攻坚阶段为解决生态脆弱区深度贫困问题而采取的重要举措,是一项复杂的系统工程。本文在理论层面从阻断效应、重构效应、增长效应和社会一体化效应等方面系统研究了易地扶贫搬迁的意义,同时也从融入障碍、共同体割裂效应、生活成本约束、就业困境和公共服务瓶颈等角度论述了易地扶贫搬迁的约束条件,并着重以广西模式为核心研究了易地扶贫搬迁的“顶层设计-动员激励-统筹协调-监督考核”四位一体核心机制。广西易地扶贫搬迁的核心模式包含基础设施、就业培训、教育医疗、社会保障、产业带动、社区重建、文化融入、心理介入、生态恢复等九个方面,从而从“经济-社会-文化”三个维度建立了系统性的制度框架。这些经验具有一定典型性,值得总结和推广。
英文摘要:
      Moving impoverished population from poverty place to better place is an important measure to solve deep poverty problem in ecological vulnerable area at the stage of hard poverty alleviation and is a complex system project. This paper systematically studies the significance of moving impoverished population from poverty place to better place from the theoretical perspective of interdiction effect, reconstruction effect, growth effect and social unification effect and so on, expounds its restriction conditions from the perspective of integration obstacle, common system dissection effect, living cost constraint, employment difficulty, public service bottle-neck and so on, and takes Guangxi Model as the core to emphatically study its four-dimension core mechanism of “top design-mobilization encouragement-overall coordination-supervision and examination”. The core contents of Guangxi Model contain such nine aspects as infrastructure, employment training, education and medicare, social security, industrial driving, community reconstruction, cultural integration, psychological intervention and ecological recovery so that the systematic institutional framework is built from three-dimension of “economy-society-culture”. These experience and model have certain typicality and are worth summarizing and popularizing.
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