刘灵辉,王科宇.“三权分置”制度下农村大学生土地权益保障研究[J].西部论坛,2019,29(3):80-90
“三权分置”制度下农村大学生土地权益保障研究
Research on Protection of Rural University Students' Land Rights and Interests under the Policy of the “Separation of Three Types of Rights”
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  农村大学生  三权分置  两权分离  土地承包经营权  土地权益  集体经济组织成员  家庭成员  承包地  征地补偿分配
英文关键词:rural university students  separation of three types of rights  separation of two rights  management rights of contracted land  right and interests of land  collective economic organization member  family member  contracted land  compensated benefit from land expropriation
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作者单位
刘灵辉,王科宇 电子科技大学 公共管理学院四川 成都 611731 
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中文摘要:
      因户口、职业、经常居住地非农化以及集体义务难以履行等原因,农村大学生的集体经济组织成员权受到质疑甚至否定,导致其土地权益易被侵害。调查结果表明,在“两权分离”制度下,农村女大学生上大学前未分得承包地的比例高于男大学生,农村男大学生上大学后土地权益受侵害与户口迁移正相关,农村女大学生上大学后土地权益受侵害与年龄正相关,经济较发达地区的农村大学生土地权益受侵害的可能性较高。在“三权分置”制度下,应明确在校农村大学生的“集体经济组织成员”身份和“农户家庭成员”身份,即在校农村大学生应与其他村民平等地享有分得承包地的权利、平等地享有土地承包经营权的各种收益,并与其他家庭成员平等地享有承包土地的各项权益;在承包期内(包括延长期),无论农村大学生的身份怎样变化,只要其还是中华人民共和国公民,发包方都不能强制收回其土地承包经营权;同时,要“确地到人、确权到人”,切实保障农村大学生流转土地经营权后获得应有收益,并充分保障上大学前未分得承包地的农村大学生的合法土地权益。
英文摘要:
      Rural college students are a special group under the urban-rural dual system. Due to the difficulty in fulfilling the non-agriculturalization of household registration, occupation, regular residence and the difficult performance of the rights and obligations of rural areas, their collective membership qualifications are challenged or even denied, causing their rights and interests of their previously contracted land violated. The survey results show that, under “the separation of two rights”, the proportion of female students who did not get the contracted land before attending the universities is higher than that of male university students, that the land right and interests violation in male university students after attending the universities is positively correlated with their household register migration, that the land right and interests violation in rural female university students after attending the universities is positively correlated with their age, and that the possibility in the land right and interests violation of rural university students in developed area is higher than that of undeveloped area. Under “the separation of three rights”, “the identity of collective organization member” and “the identity of rural family member” of the university students from rural area should be clarified, i.e., the university students from rural area should equally share all kinds of rights and interests from their contracted land with other rural peasants and share all kinds of rights from their contracted land with their other family members. In the period of their contracted land and including its extending period, no matter how the identity of the university students changes if they are still the citizens of People’s Republic of China, the governments should not coercively take back their management rights of their contracted land, meanwhile, the benefit from the contracted land transfer of the students should be really guaranteed by ensuring the land for the students and by ensuring the rights for the students, in addition, the rights and interests of the students who did not get the contracted land before attending universities should be really guaranteed.
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