宋爽.环境规制的空间外溢与中国污染产业投资区位转移[J].西部论坛,2019,29(2):113-124
环境规制的空间外溢与中国污染产业投资区位转移
The Spatial Spillover of Environmental Regulation and Regional Transfer of Polluting Industry Investment in China
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  环境规制  污染产业投资  空间转移路径  动态空间杜宾模型  空间外溢效应
英文关键词:environmental regulations  polluting industry investment  spatial transfer path  Dynamic Spatial Durbin Model  spatial spillover effect
基金项目:
作者单位
宋爽 西藏民族大学 财经学院陕西 咸阳 712082 
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中文摘要:
      使用Moran指数和LISA指数剖析了污染产业投资区位转移的空间路径,从理论上剖析了环境规制空间外溢性的产生机理,基于动态空间杜宾模型实证研究了环境规制在污染产业投资区位转移中的空间外溢效应。发现中国污染产业投资的转移存在着空间上的路径依赖和时间上的转移粘性特征,表现为以环渤海和长三角地区为中心缓慢向周边扩散的“晕轮模式”;提高环境规制强度能显著抑制污染产业投资,但这种抑制作用主要是通过周边邻近地区普遍加强环境规制的作法所导致。因此,应注重环境政策的同步性和协同性,联防联控的区域性环境规制政策能有效推动污染产业向外转移。
英文摘要:
      This paper examines the spatial path of the polluting industry investment location shift by using Moran Index and LISA Index, analyzes the generating mechanism of spatial spillover in environmental regulations theoretically and empirically studies the spatial spillover effect of environment regulation on polluting industry investment location shift by using Dynamic Spatial Durbin Model. Results show that the transfer of polluting industry investment in China demonstrates spatial path dependence and temporal transfer viscosity, taking on such a “Halo Model” that is centering on Circum-Bohai-Sea region and Yangtze River Delta and slowly spreading to the surroundings.Improving the strength of environmental regulations can significantly inhibit the polluting industry investment, which is mainly caused by the practice of strengthening environmental regulations in the surrounding areas. Thus, attention should be paid to synchronicity and synergy of environmental policies, and the regional environmental regulation policy of joint prevention and control can effectively promote the outward transfer of polluting industries.
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